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This is the comunity page for KDE Connect. It should contain useful and up to date resources for both users and developers.
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<translate>
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This is the community page for '''KDE Connect'''. Feel free to edit it! It should contain useful and up-to-date resources for both users and developers.
  
 
== What is KDE Connect? ==
 
== What is KDE Connect? ==
  
KDE Connect is a project that aims to communicate all your devices. For example, with KDE Connect you can receive your phone notifications on your computer, or just use your phone as a remote control for your desktop. To achieve this, KDE Connect implements a secure communication protocol over the network, and allows any developer to create plugins on top of it. Currently there are KDE Connect clients on KDE, Android and Blackberry, and soon we will have iPhone too!
+
'''KDE Connect''' is a project that enables all your devices to communicate with each other. Here are a few things '''KDE Connect''' can do:
 +
* Receive your phone notifications on your desktop computer and reply to messages
 +
* Control music playing on your desktop from your phone
 +
* Use your phone as a remote control for your desktop
 +
* Run predefined commands on your PC from connected devices. See the list of [https://userbase.kde.org/KDE_Connect/Tutorials/Useful_commands example commands] for more details.
 +
* Check your phones battery level from the desktop
 +
* Ring your phone to help finding it
 +
* Share files and links between devices
 +
* Browse your phone from the desktop
 +
* Control the desktop's volume from the phone
  
Some other cool features in video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkCFngNmsh0
 
  
More info at: http://albertvaka.wordpress.com
+
To achieve this, '''KDE Connect''':
 +
* implements a secure communication protocol over the network, and allows any developer to create plugins on top of it.
 +
* Has a component that you install on your desktop.
 +
* Has a KDE Connect client app you run on your phone.
  
== Troubleshoting ==
 
  
Remember to open the ports in your firewall. The port range is 1714-1764 for both TCP and UDP.
+
This video from 2013 demonstrates some other cool features: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkCFngNmsh0
  
If you found a bug and want to report it, you can do so in the KDE bugtracker: http://bugs.kde.org
+
More info at [http://albertvaka.wordpress.com Albert Vaka's] or [http://nicolasfella.wordpress.com Nico's] blog.
 +
 
 +
== Installation ==
 +
 
 +
You will most likely find the '''KDE Connect''' desktop component as a package in your distribution's repos. If not, you can ask them to package it.
 +
 
 +
Despite common misconception, you can use '''KDE Connect''' on all desktop environments. Since most  the developers are using Plasma, it may occur that a feature is broken or inaccessible on other desktop environments. In this case, please file a [https://bugs.kde.org/enter_bug.cgi?product=kdeconnect bug report]. There are multiple ways to enhance the '''KDE Connect''' experience on non-Plasma desktops. If you are a GNOME user you might prefer [https://extensions.gnome.org/extension/1319/gsconnect/ GSConnect], a GNOME shell extension. For desktops with AppIndicator support (Budgie, Cinnamon, LXDE, Pantheon, Unity) [https://github.com/Bajoja/indicator-kdeconnect indicator-kdeconnect] is available.
 +
 
 +
The app for Android can be found in both the [https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.kde.kdeconnect_tp Google Play Store] and the free and open store [https://f-droid.org/repository/browse/?fdid=org.kde.kdeconnect_tp F-Droid].
 +
 
 +
There was some development of a '''KDE Connect''' client app for iOS in 2014 (see [https://cgit.kde.org/scratch/yangqiao/kdeconnect-ios.git/ source code]) but due to our experience and various technical and organizational factors it's unlikely that we will have official iOS support anytime soon.
 +
 
 +
'''KDE Connect''' is also available on [https://openrepos.net/content/piggz/kde-connect SailfishOS] and we are working on bringing it to other Linux-based phones (Plasma Mobile, PostmarketOS etc.)
 +
 
 +
== Usage ==
 +
 
 +
Please see the '''KDE Connect''' [https://userbase.kde.org/KDEConnect Userbase page] for detailed information on the different ways '''KDE Connect''' can be used.
 +
 
 +
== Browser Integration ==
 +
 
 +
[https://community.kde.org/Plasma/Browser_Integration Plasma Browser Integration] makes '''KDE Connect''' even more powerful. It allows you to control content from e.g. Youtube or Netflix from your phone and send browser tabs to your phone. Despite the name, it can also be used on non-Plasma desktops.
 +
 
 +
== Running KDE Connect over OpenVPN ==
 +
 
 +
There may be a variety of reasons for using '''KDE Connect''' with a VPN. Maybe you have left home and want to run a command, or maybe you’re on a public wifi network where your devices aren’t allowed to communicate and you want to use remote control to give a presentation.
 +
 
 +
=== Set up OpenVPN ===
 +
 
 +
If you have your own server with a public-facing IP address, you can set up '''OpenVPN''' yourself. It is not the easiest piece of software to set up, but by following a setup tutorial such as this one, you should be able to manage: https://openvpn.net/howto.html
 +
 
 +
In order to allow UDP broadcast packets, which are what '''KDE Connect''' uses to automatically discover two devices, '''OpenVPN''' needs to be set up for bridging (TAP device). If you use a tun device, you can still manually connect by IP address.
 +
 
 +
If you want to rent a pre-configured '''OpenVPN''' service rather than set up your own, it should work, but the same considerations about the server settings need to be taken into account.
 +
 
 +
Once the server is running, you can use the official '''OpenVPN''' client to connect the desktop to the server. There is no official '''OpenVPN''' client for Android, but the '''OpenVPN for Android''' client works well: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=de.blinkt.openvpn
 +
 
 +
Once both devices are connected, test that they are able to communicate over the VPN by trying to do a network ping between them.
 +
 
 +
=== Configure KDE Connect ===
 +
 
 +
If your '''OpenVPN''' instance is set up for bridging, '''KDE Connect''' should work just like on a local network.
 +
 
 +
If you are using '''OpenVPN''' with a tun device, you will have to manually add your devices by IP. Then, once you connect to the VPN, '''KDE Connect''' should automatically detect your device and either connect or be ready for pairing!
 +
 
 +
== Building KDE Connect ==
 +
 
 +
If you want to build KDE Connect yourself, you'll first need to grab the code from git. 
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
git clone https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-kde.git
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
Note: if you plan to contribute code to '''KDE Connect''', please follow the steps in [[KDEConnect#Setting_up_KDE_Connect_Repository_for_Development]]
 +
 
 +
=== Linux Desktop ===
 +
 
 +
'''KDE Connect''' uses cmake as a build system, which will tell you if you are missing any dependencies. On some distros you will need to install some development packages. Sometimes you will need to get the dependencies by yourself because the development branch of '''KDE Connect''' often uses new libraries not included in distro repositories, in which case you can build those yourself or use kdesrc-build. Helpfully, some package managers have a command which will automatically fetch the dependencies for you:
 +
 
 +
<b> For Ubuntu </b>
 +
 
 +
you can go in to <code>/etc/apt/source.list</code> and
 +
enable the source repositories to install all build-dependencies.
 +
 
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
# apt update
 +
# apt-get build-dep kdeconnect
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
<b> For openSUSE </b>
 +
 
 +
you can use
 +
 
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
# zypper si -d kdeconnect-kde
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
Be sure to uninstall the package-provided version of kdeconnect before continuing, otherwise, you will end up in a confusing situation where some plugins are being provided by the system-installed version and others are coming from your new build.
 +
 
 +
==== Installing using prefix.sh ====
 +
 
 +
For development, it is recommended to install to your home directory using prefix.sh. This gives a faster development cycle and avoids clobbering your system-installed version with a potentially unstable WIP version.
 +
 
 +
These steps are roughly the same for any KDE project:
 +
 
 +
To configure use
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
cd kdeconnect-kde
 +
mkdir build
 +
cd build
 +
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=~/kde-prefix ..
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
To build use
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
make -j8 install
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
To run the daemon, do
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
source build/prefix.sh
 +
killall kdeconnectd; ~/kde-prefix/lib64/libexec/kdeconnectd
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
Other executables, such as the SMS app or the settings app, are on the path provided by prefix.sh, and can be found in <code>~/kde-prefix/bin</code>
 +
 
 +
==== Installing to the System ====
 +
 
 +
If you want to use the new version of '''KDE Connect''' daily, you can install it to the system. This is not recommended for day-to-day development since it requires <code>sudo</code> access.
 +
 
 +
To configure use
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
cd kdeconnect-kde
 +
mkdir build
 +
cd build
 +
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr ..
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
To build use
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
make
 +
sudo make install
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
Note that this will override the '''KDE Connect''' provided by your distro
 +
 
 +
If you intend to develop '''KDE Connect''' or experience a crash and are asked to give a backtrace, build '''KDE Connect''' with debugging symbols:
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug ..
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
If you install '''KDE Connect''' in a custom location, you'll need to run <code>kdeconnectd</code> manually, since DBus doesn't know about it.
 +
 
 +
For instructions on how to integrate the build with '''KDevelop''', check out this [https://nicolasfella.wordpress.com/2018/03/30/building-kde-connect/ blog post].
 +
 
 +
=== Android ===
 +
 
 +
You can find the code on [https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-android Invent]. It's easiest to use '''Android Studio''' to build the app and install it to your phone, although it can be done on the command line using gradle.
 +
 
 +
Running '''KDE Connect''' in the emulator is possible, but needs an advanced networking setup. See the guide posted for the [[/Android_Emulator/]]
 +
 
 +
=== Windows ===
 +
 
 +
'''KDE Connect''' works quite well on Windows, with many features ported.
 +
See [https://community.kde.org/KDEConnect/Build_Windows here] for build instructions
 +
 
 +
=== MacOS ===
 +
 
 +
'''KDE Connect''' works fairly well on macOS. But there is no official release for it yet. See [https://community.kde.org/KDEConnect/Build_MacOS here] for build instructions.
 +
 
 +
You can get the Nightly Build from the [https://binary-factory.kde.org/view/MacOS/job/kdeconnect-kde_Nightly_macos/ Binary Factory]
 +
 
 +
=== Mobile-Friendly QML App ===
 +
 
 +
'''KDE Connect''' provides an alternative mobile-friendly interface, targeted at mobile Linux platforms such as Plasma Mobile. The app is usable on the desktop as well. It is built from the same sources as the desktop component. The build steps are mostly the same, just one additional step is needed to enable building the app.
 +
 
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
cd build
 +
cmake -DEXPERIMENTALAPP_ENABLED=True .
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
This will result in an additional 'kcapp' executable being built
 +
 
 +
=== Desktop SMS Messaging App ===
 +
 
 +
'''KDE Connect''' has an SMS messaging app which lets you type and view SMS messages from your computer. It supports basic features and works correctly most of the time. If you are interested in trying or developing it, you can build it from source. It is automatically built as part of the rest of '''KDE Connect''' and is output as 'kdeconnect-sms'.
 +
 
 +
== Troubleshooting ==
 +
 
 +
=== I have two devices running KDE Connect on the same network, but they can't see each other ===
 +
 
 +
'''KDE Connect''' uses dynamic ports in the range 1714-1764 for UDP and TCP. So if you are behind a firewall, make sure to open this port range for both TCP and UDP. Otherwise, make sure your network is not blocking UDP broadcast packets.
 +
 
 +
==== ufw ====
 +
 
 +
If your firewall is '''ufw''', you can open the necessary ports with:
 +
 
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
sudo ufw allow 1714:1764/udp
 +
sudo ufw allow 1714:1764/tcp
 +
sudo ufw reload
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
==== firewalld ====
 +
 
 +
If your firewall is '''firewalld''', you can open the necessary ports with:
 +
 
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=1714-1764/tcp
 +
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=1714-1764/udp
 +
sudo systemctl restart firewalld.service
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
==== Fedora firewall ====
 +
 
 +
In Fedora, there is an utility for configuring the firewall. Open Firewall Configuration (the program's filename is <code>firewall-config</code>), and in '''Zones''' ➔ '''Services''' check the kde-connect service.
 +
 
 +
Make sure you have chosen the '''Permanent''' Configuration in the drop-down at the top, otherwise these settings will be reset upon reboot.
 +
 
 +
==== iptables ====
 +
 
 +
If your firewall is '''iptables''', you can open the necessary ports with:
 +
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
sudo iptables -I INPUT -i <yourinterface> -p udp --dport 1714:1764 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
 +
sudo iptables -I INPUT -i <yourinterface> -p tcp --dport 1714:1764 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
 +
 
 +
sudo iptables -A OUTPUT -o <yourinterface> -p udp --sport 1714:1764 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
 +
sudo iptables -A OUTPUT -o <yourinterface> -p tcp --sport 1714:1764 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
===  KDE Connect crashes or restarts when trying to pair with another device ===
 +
 
 +
Sometimes, a corrupt config file may cause '''KDE Connect''' to crash when trying to pair with a device. In that case, deleting the config  ~/.config/kdeconnect might help.
 +
 
 +
===  Can I run KDE Connect without a display server? ===
 +
 
 +
Yes, you can pass the command line argument `-platform offscreen` to the daemon (eg: `killall -9 kdeconnectd; /usr/lib/libexec/kdeconnectd -platform offscreen`)
 +
 
 +
=== Running KDE Connect on an emulator ===
 +
 
 +
How to setup running '''KDE Connect''' on an emulator is described here [[/Android_Emulator/]]
 +
 
 +
=== GSConnect ===
 +
 
 +
'''GSConnect''' is an independent project which implements the '''KDE Connect''' protocol into GNOME and uses the same Android app. If you are running '''GSConnect''', please visit that project's [https://github.com/andyholmes/gnome-shell-extension-gsconnect/wiki GitHub page] first for support. If you and the '''GSConnect''' team determine the issue is the Android app or protocol, feel free to report those in the '''KDE Connect''' bug tracker.
 +
 
 +
===  My problem is not in this list :( ===
 +
 
 +
In case you find a bug and want to report it, you can do so in the [https://bugs.kde.org/enter_bug.cgi?product=kdeconnect KDE bug tracker].
  
 
== Development ==
 
== Development ==
  
If you are interested in contributing to KDE Connect, please join the mailing list [https://mail.kde.org/mailman/listinfo/kdeconnect] of the project. You might also want to read Albert Vaca's development blog [http://albertvaka.wordpress.org].
+
'''KDE Connect''' is a perfect project to start contributing to KDE. You'll need a basic understanding of programming concepts, the rest can be learned by doing. Experience with Android or Qt is beneficial, but not needed.
 +
 
 +
We have a group to discuss development. You can access it from [https://t.me/joinchat/BRUUN0bwMhNfn8FIejA-nw Telegram], IRC (#kdeconnect) or matrix.org (#freenode_#kdeconnect:matrix.org). Feel free to ask any development-related questions there. We also have a  [https://mail.kde.org/mailman/listinfo/kdeconnect mailing list].
 +
 
 +
All patches are submitted on Gitlab. The Android repository is [https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-android here] and the C++ Desktop repository is [https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-kde here]. Be sure to select the most relevant template. You don't need to assign any reviewers, the developers are subscribed to notifications. Should this be your first patch, it's good to know that it might take some time before your patch is reviewed (we all work on '''KDE Connect''' in our free time), and you'll probably have to make some changes a couple of times. That's not because you're new, that's what happens for all reviews (even for long-time contributors).
 +
 
 +
There are a couple of tasks marked as Junior Jobs on our [https://phabricator.kde.org/project/board/159/ workboard]. Those have some extra information on how to approach them that help you get started.
 +
 
 +
=== Setting up KDE Connect Repository for Development ===
 +
 
 +
'''KDE Connect''' is actually composed of two repositories; one for the Android implementation and one for the C++ (Desktop) implementation. You can have a local clone of both on your computer and the steps to set them up are the same. For these directions, I will use the C++ repository, but if you want the Android repository, just replace every instance of 'kdeconnect-kde' with 'kdeconnect-android'
 +
 
 +
# Fork the repository
 +
#* With your web browser, open the Web GUI to KDE Connect's GitLab: https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-kde
 +
#* If you are not already, sign in with your KDE identity by clicking the "Sign In" button in the top left
 +
#* Click the "Fork" button, near the top right
 +
#* Wait for the forking to complete
 +
# Clone your fork
 +
#* Open your new fork in the GitLab web GUI
 +
#* Click the "Clone" button in the top right
 +
#* Select the method of cloning
 +
#** I recommend SSH. This will require you add an SSH public key to your KDE GitLab account.
 +
#** An HTTPS clone will require you to log in with your KDE Identity credentials to push changes.
 +
#* In the folder you want to clone, do 'git clone <cloning path from above>'
 +
 
 +
You are all set up! See the optional steps for ways to make life easier.
 +
 
 +
==== Set up second remote (Optional) ====
 +
 
 +
Having a second remote allows you to have your local 'master' branch track the upstream kdeconnect-kde master branch, so you can easily get all the latest changes.
 +
 
 +
These steps assume you are using command-line git. If you are using a GUI tool, the steps will be different, but the ideas will be the same.
 +
 
 +
# On the command line, change to your local repository clone
 +
# Execute:
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
# Note that we use HTTPS cloning here so that you don't need a verified account to pull changes!
 +
git remote add upstream https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-kde.git
 +
git fetch upstream
 +
git checkout -b upstream-master --track upstream/master
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
# Now whenever there are new changes upstream, simply pull the upstream-master branch, then merge or rebase your local branches onto those changes!
 +
 
 +
===Development tips===
 +
 
 +
====Restarting the daemon====
 +
 
 +
Whenever you do a change to KDE Connect you need to restart the daemon for the change to take effect.
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
killall kdeconnectd
 +
build/bin/kdeconnectd
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
====DBus inspection====
  
You can find the sources in the following repositories:
+
The daemon communicates with various UI components (Plasmoid, CLI, Indicator etc.) over DBus. QDbusViewer allows inspecting the DBus interface provided by the daemon which can be incredibly useful for debugging.
* https://projects.kde.org/projects/playground/base/kdeconnect-android/repository
+
* https://projects.kde.org/projects/playground/base/kdeconnect-kde/repository
+
</translate>

Latest revision as of 06:03, 9 November 2019

This is the community page for KDE Connect. Feel free to edit it! It should contain useful and up-to-date resources for both users and developers.

What is KDE Connect?

KDE Connect is a project that enables all your devices to communicate with each other. Here are a few things KDE Connect can do:

  • Receive your phone notifications on your desktop computer and reply to messages
  • Control music playing on your desktop from your phone
  • Use your phone as a remote control for your desktop
  • Run predefined commands on your PC from connected devices. See the list of example commands for more details.
  • Check your phones battery level from the desktop
  • Ring your phone to help finding it
  • Share files and links between devices
  • Browse your phone from the desktop
  • Control the desktop's volume from the phone


To achieve this, KDE Connect:

  • implements a secure communication protocol over the network, and allows any developer to create plugins on top of it.
  • Has a component that you install on your desktop.
  • Has a KDE Connect client app you run on your phone.


This video from 2013 demonstrates some other cool features: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkCFngNmsh0

More info at Albert Vaka's or Nico's blog.

Installation

You will most likely find the KDE Connect desktop component as a package in your distribution's repos. If not, you can ask them to package it.

Despite common misconception, you can use KDE Connect on all desktop environments. Since most the developers are using Plasma, it may occur that a feature is broken or inaccessible on other desktop environments. In this case, please file a bug report. There are multiple ways to enhance the KDE Connect experience on non-Plasma desktops. If you are a GNOME user you might prefer GSConnect, a GNOME shell extension. For desktops with AppIndicator support (Budgie, Cinnamon, LXDE, Pantheon, Unity) indicator-kdeconnect is available.

The app for Android can be found in both the Google Play Store and the free and open store F-Droid.

There was some development of a KDE Connect client app for iOS in 2014 (see source code) but due to our experience and various technical and organizational factors it's unlikely that we will have official iOS support anytime soon.

KDE Connect is also available on SailfishOS and we are working on bringing it to other Linux-based phones (Plasma Mobile, PostmarketOS etc.)

Usage

Please see the KDE Connect Userbase page for detailed information on the different ways KDE Connect can be used.

Browser Integration

Plasma Browser Integration makes KDE Connect even more powerful. It allows you to control content from e.g. Youtube or Netflix from your phone and send browser tabs to your phone. Despite the name, it can also be used on non-Plasma desktops.

Running KDE Connect over OpenVPN

There may be a variety of reasons for using KDE Connect with a VPN. Maybe you have left home and want to run a command, or maybe you’re on a public wifi network where your devices aren’t allowed to communicate and you want to use remote control to give a presentation.

Set up OpenVPN

If you have your own server with a public-facing IP address, you can set up OpenVPN yourself. It is not the easiest piece of software to set up, but by following a setup tutorial such as this one, you should be able to manage: https://openvpn.net/howto.html

In order to allow UDP broadcast packets, which are what KDE Connect uses to automatically discover two devices, OpenVPN needs to be set up for bridging (TAP device). If you use a tun device, you can still manually connect by IP address.

If you want to rent a pre-configured OpenVPN service rather than set up your own, it should work, but the same considerations about the server settings need to be taken into account.

Once the server is running, you can use the official OpenVPN client to connect the desktop to the server. There is no official OpenVPN client for Android, but the OpenVPN for Android client works well: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=de.blinkt.openvpn

Once both devices are connected, test that they are able to communicate over the VPN by trying to do a network ping between them.

Configure KDE Connect

If your OpenVPN instance is set up for bridging, KDE Connect should work just like on a local network.

If you are using OpenVPN with a tun device, you will have to manually add your devices by IP. Then, once you connect to the VPN, KDE Connect should automatically detect your device and either connect or be ready for pairing!

Building KDE Connect

If you want to build KDE Connect yourself, you'll first need to grab the code from git.

git clone https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-kde.git

Note: if you plan to contribute code to KDE Connect, please follow the steps in KDEConnect#Setting_up_KDE_Connect_Repository_for_Development

Linux Desktop

KDE Connect uses cmake as a build system, which will tell you if you are missing any dependencies. On some distros you will need to install some development packages. Sometimes you will need to get the dependencies by yourself because the development branch of KDE Connect often uses new libraries not included in distro repositories, in which case you can build those yourself or use kdesrc-build. Helpfully, some package managers have a command which will automatically fetch the dependencies for you:

For Ubuntu

you can go in to /etc/apt/source.list and enable the source repositories to install all build-dependencies.

# apt update
# apt-get build-dep kdeconnect

For openSUSE

you can use

# zypper si -d kdeconnect-kde

Be sure to uninstall the package-provided version of kdeconnect before continuing, otherwise, you will end up in a confusing situation where some plugins are being provided by the system-installed version and others are coming from your new build.

Installing using prefix.sh

For development, it is recommended to install to your home directory using prefix.sh. This gives a faster development cycle and avoids clobbering your system-installed version with a potentially unstable WIP version.

These steps are roughly the same for any KDE project:

To configure use

cd kdeconnect-kde
mkdir build
cd build
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=~/kde-prefix ..

To build use

make -j8 install

To run the daemon, do

source build/prefix.sh
killall kdeconnectd; ~/kde-prefix/lib64/libexec/kdeconnectd

Other executables, such as the SMS app or the settings app, are on the path provided by prefix.sh, and can be found in ~/kde-prefix/bin

Installing to the System

If you want to use the new version of KDE Connect daily, you can install it to the system. This is not recommended for day-to-day development since it requires sudo access.

To configure use

cd kdeconnect-kde
mkdir build
cd build
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr ..

To build use

make
sudo make install

Note that this will override the KDE Connect provided by your distro

If you intend to develop KDE Connect or experience a crash and are asked to give a backtrace, build KDE Connect with debugging symbols:

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug ..

If you install KDE Connect in a custom location, you'll need to run kdeconnectd manually, since DBus doesn't know about it.

For instructions on how to integrate the build with KDevelop, check out this blog post.

Android

You can find the code on Invent. It's easiest to use Android Studio to build the app and install it to your phone, although it can be done on the command line using gradle.

Running KDE Connect in the emulator is possible, but needs an advanced networking setup. See the guide posted for the Android_Emulator

Windows

KDE Connect works quite well on Windows, with many features ported. See here for build instructions

MacOS

KDE Connect works fairly well on macOS. But there is no official release for it yet. See here for build instructions.

You can get the Nightly Build from the Binary Factory

Mobile-Friendly QML App

KDE Connect provides an alternative mobile-friendly interface, targeted at mobile Linux platforms such as Plasma Mobile. The app is usable on the desktop as well. It is built from the same sources as the desktop component. The build steps are mostly the same, just one additional step is needed to enable building the app.

cd build
cmake -DEXPERIMENTALAPP_ENABLED=True .

This will result in an additional 'kcapp' executable being built

Desktop SMS Messaging App

KDE Connect has an SMS messaging app which lets you type and view SMS messages from your computer. It supports basic features and works correctly most of the time. If you are interested in trying or developing it, you can build it from source. It is automatically built as part of the rest of KDE Connect and is output as 'kdeconnect-sms'.

Troubleshooting

I have two devices running KDE Connect on the same network, but they can't see each other

KDE Connect uses dynamic ports in the range 1714-1764 for UDP and TCP. So if you are behind a firewall, make sure to open this port range for both TCP and UDP. Otherwise, make sure your network is not blocking UDP broadcast packets.

ufw

If your firewall is ufw, you can open the necessary ports with:

sudo ufw allow 1714:1764/udp
sudo ufw allow 1714:1764/tcp
sudo ufw reload

firewalld

If your firewall is firewalld, you can open the necessary ports with:

sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=1714-1764/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=1714-1764/udp
sudo systemctl restart firewalld.service

Fedora firewall

In Fedora, there is an utility for configuring the firewall. Open Firewall Configuration (the program's filename is firewall-config), and in ZonesServices check the kde-connect service.

Make sure you have chosen the Permanent Configuration in the drop-down at the top, otherwise these settings will be reset upon reboot.

iptables

If your firewall is iptables, you can open the necessary ports with:

sudo iptables -I INPUT -i <yourinterface> -p udp --dport 1714:1764 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -I INPUT -i <yourinterface> -p tcp --dport 1714:1764 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

sudo iptables -A OUTPUT -o <yourinterface> -p udp --sport 1714:1764 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -A OUTPUT -o <yourinterface> -p tcp --sport 1714:1764 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

KDE Connect crashes or restarts when trying to pair with another device

Sometimes, a corrupt config file may cause KDE Connect to crash when trying to pair with a device. In that case, deleting the config ~/.config/kdeconnect might help.

Can I run KDE Connect without a display server?

Yes, you can pass the command line argument `-platform offscreen` to the daemon (eg: `killall -9 kdeconnectd; /usr/lib/libexec/kdeconnectd -platform offscreen`)

Running KDE Connect on an emulator

How to setup running KDE Connect on an emulator is described here Android_Emulator

GSConnect

GSConnect is an independent project which implements the KDE Connect protocol into GNOME and uses the same Android app. If you are running GSConnect, please visit that project's GitHub page first for support. If you and the GSConnect team determine the issue is the Android app or protocol, feel free to report those in the KDE Connect bug tracker.

My problem is not in this list :(

In case you find a bug and want to report it, you can do so in the KDE bug tracker.

Development

KDE Connect is a perfect project to start contributing to KDE. You'll need a basic understanding of programming concepts, the rest can be learned by doing. Experience with Android or Qt is beneficial, but not needed.

We have a group to discuss development. You can access it from Telegram, IRC (#kdeconnect) or matrix.org (#freenode_#kdeconnect:matrix.org). Feel free to ask any development-related questions there. We also have a mailing list.

All patches are submitted on Gitlab. The Android repository is here and the C++ Desktop repository is here. Be sure to select the most relevant template. You don't need to assign any reviewers, the developers are subscribed to notifications. Should this be your first patch, it's good to know that it might take some time before your patch is reviewed (we all work on KDE Connect in our free time), and you'll probably have to make some changes a couple of times. That's not because you're new, that's what happens for all reviews (even for long-time contributors).

There are a couple of tasks marked as Junior Jobs on our workboard. Those have some extra information on how to approach them that help you get started.

Setting up KDE Connect Repository for Development

KDE Connect is actually composed of two repositories; one for the Android implementation and one for the C++ (Desktop) implementation. You can have a local clone of both on your computer and the steps to set them up are the same. For these directions, I will use the C++ repository, but if you want the Android repository, just replace every instance of 'kdeconnect-kde' with 'kdeconnect-android'

  1. Fork the repository
    • With your web browser, open the Web GUI to KDE Connect's GitLab: https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-kde
    • If you are not already, sign in with your KDE identity by clicking the "Sign In" button in the top left
    • Click the "Fork" button, near the top right
    • Wait for the forking to complete
  2. Clone your fork
    • Open your new fork in the GitLab web GUI
    • Click the "Clone" button in the top right
    • Select the method of cloning
      • I recommend SSH. This will require you add an SSH public key to your KDE GitLab account.
      • An HTTPS clone will require you to log in with your KDE Identity credentials to push changes.
    • In the folder you want to clone, do 'git clone <cloning path from above>'

You are all set up! See the optional steps for ways to make life easier.

Set up second remote (Optional)

Having a second remote allows you to have your local 'master' branch track the upstream kdeconnect-kde master branch, so you can easily get all the latest changes.

These steps assume you are using command-line git. If you are using a GUI tool, the steps will be different, but the ideas will be the same.

  1. On the command line, change to your local repository clone
  2. Execute:
# Note that we use HTTPS cloning here so that you don't need a verified account to pull changes!
git remote add upstream https://invent.kde.org/kde/kdeconnect-kde.git
git fetch upstream
git checkout -b upstream-master --track upstream/master
  1. Now whenever there are new changes upstream, simply pull the upstream-master branch, then merge or rebase your local branches onto those changes!

Development tips

Restarting the daemon

Whenever you do a change to KDE Connect you need to restart the daemon for the change to take effect.

killall kdeconnectd
build/bin/kdeconnectd

DBus inspection

The daemon communicates with various UI components (Plasmoid, CLI, Indicator etc.) over DBus. QDbusViewer allows inspecting the DBus interface provided by the daemon which can be incredibly useful for debugging.


This page was last edited on 9 November 2019, at 06:03. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.