Krita/linuxbuild

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Preparation

This guide explains how to build Krita from standard Qt 5 and KDE Frameworks 5 development packages provided with your favorite linux distribution. This should be straightforward, but for more detail you can look into the old instructions for building Calligra.

Debian/Ubuntu dependencies

Here are the names of Krita's dependencies in the Debian repositories.

sudo apt install extra-cmake-modules \
libkf5archive-dev  \
libkf5completion-dev  \
libkf5config-dev \
libkf5coreaddons-dev  \
libkf5guiaddons-dev  \
libkf5i18n-dev  \
libkf5itemmodels-dev  \
libkf5itemviews-dev \
libkf5widgetsaddons-dev  \
libkf5windowsystem-dev \
 libkf5kiocore5  \
libkf5crash-dev \
libkf5kio-dev \
qtbase5-dev  \
libqt5svg5-dev \
libqt5multimedia5 \
qtdeclarative5-dev  \
libqt5x11extras5-dev  \
libqt5opengl5-dev \
libeigen3-dev \
libxi-dev \
libboost-all-dev \
libopenexr-dev  \
vc-dev \
libexiv2-dev \
libgsl-dev \
liblcms2-dev \
libpoppler-qt5-dev \
shared-mime-info  \
libraw-dev \
libfftw3-dev \
libpng-dev \
libopencolorio-dev

Notes: Ubuntu L.T.S and its derivatives (Linux Mint/Elementary) use too old packages to build Krita 4.x. If you want to compile Krita, use the short term support releases. You'll also need to compile with this flags during cmake:

  -DPYTHON_EXECUTABLE=/usr/bin/python3 -DPYQT_SIP_DIR_OVERRIDE=/usr/share/sip/PyQt5

If you compile a custom version of library (eg. a more recent Qt version in /opt ), you can add the path to this type of flag to let Krita know about it.

  -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=/opt/qt59

vc-dev is called libvc-dev in debian official apt repos, and this should replace vc-dev in the above list.

Arch Linux dependencies

Building Krita 3.x on Arch requires often to check the last PKGBUILD of official Arch Package.

To do this, go to [[1]] and check the 'Source File' ( top-right ) and then open the PKGBUILD file [[2]]. It will give you hint if you miss or need to add a library. At september 2016, the list look like this:

sudo pacman -S --needed base-devel kio kitemmodels gsl libraw opencolorio exiv2 openexr fftw curl boost-libs hicolor-icon-theme extra-cmake-modules kdoctools python boost eigen vc poppler-qt5 poppler-qt5

Fedora dependencies

sudo dnf install -y extra-cmake-modules \ 
 make cmake automake gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel \
 kf5-karchive-devel \
 kf5-kcompletion-devel \
 kf5-kconfig-devel \
 kf5-kcoreaddons-devel \
 kf5-kguiaddons-devel \
 kf5-ki18n-devel \
 kf5-kitemmodels-devel \
 kf5-kitemviews-devel \
 kf5-kwidgetsaddons-devel \
 kf5-kwindowsystem-devel \
 kf5-kio-core \
 kf5-kcrash-devel \
 kf5-kio-devel \
 qt5-qtbase \
 qt5-qtbase-devel \
 qt5-qtsvg-devel \
 qt5-qtmultimedia qt5-qtmultimedia-devel \
 qt5-qtdeclarative-devel \
 qt5-qtx11extras-devel \
 eigen3-devel \
 libXi-devel \
 boost-* boost-*-devel \
 OpenEXR-libs OpenEXR-devel \
 exiv2-libs exiv2-devel libgexiv2 \
 gsl-devel \
 lcms2-devel \
 poppler-qt5-devel \
 shared-mime-info \
 LibRaw-devel \
 fftw-devel \
 libpng-devel \
 OpenColorIO-devel

OpenSUSE dependencies

sudo zypper install extra-cmake-modules karchive-devel kcompletion-devel kconfig-devel kcoreaddons-devel kguiaddons-devel ki18n-devel kitemmodels-devel kitemviews-devel kwidgetsaddons-devel kwindowsystem-devel kio-core kcrash-devel kio-devel libqt5-qtbase-devel libqt5-qtsvg-devel libQt5Multimedia5 libqt5-qtdeclarative-devel libqt5-qtx11extras-devel libQt5OpenGL-devel eigen3-devel libXi-devel openexr-devel Vc-devel libexiv2-devel gsl-devel liblcms2-devel libpoppler-qt5-devel shared-mime-info libraw-devel fftw3-devel libpng-devel OpenColorIO-devel

Building Krita

Once you have installed the dependencies, you are ready to clone the Krita repository.

cd ~/kf5/src               (Or, wherever you want to download the source code)
git clone git://anongit.kde.org/krita


CMake commands

Krita's build system has diverged from the Calligra build system. For example, Krita does not use productsets any longer.

Optimization level RelWithDebInfo is nearly always good enough for everyday debugging, and it can be used to paint with. Basically we have two build modes: for painters and for developers.

For painters:

  • disable unittests so the build becomes faster
  • disable safe asserts. it means when a not-too-serious problem arises, Krita will just dump a warning message into the console instead of crashing with an assert.
cd ~/kf5/build/krita
cmake ~/kf5/src/krita \                         ## your source directory
   -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=~/kf5/inst \          ## your installation directory
   -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=RelWithDebInfo \
   -DBUILD_TESTING=FALSE \
   -DHIDE_SAFE_ASSERTS=TRUE
make -j8 install

For developers:

  • enable unittests so you never break the builds
  • enable safe asserts. If a safe assert happens, it means there is a bug in Krita and should be fixed, even though recovery procedure can workaround it.
cd ~/kf5/build/krita
cmake ~/kf5/src/krita \                         ## your source directory
   -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=~/kf5/inst \          ## your installation directory
   -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=RelWithDebInfo \
   -DBUILD_TESTING=TRUE \
   -DHIDE_SAFE_ASSERTS=FALSE
make -j8 install


Remember that you can change build settings with cmake . -DNEW_SETTING or by using cmake-gui found in the package cmake-qt-gui

Environment variables

XDG_DATA_DIRS. You should need only one environment variable to run Krita 3:

export XDG_DATA_DIRS=~/kf5/inst/share:$XDG_DATA_DIRS

KRITA_PLUGIN_PATH. Krita's plugin loading can be a bit fragile, especially when debugging. You can force Krita to look in a specific folder for plugins using the environment variable KRITA_PLUGIN_PATH. For example, on a Kubuntu system with an install for Krita in ~/, the plugins are located in ~/kf5/inst/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu, so for proper debugging:

export KRITA_PLUGIN_PATH="~/kf5/inst/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu"

QT_MESSAGE_FORMAT and QT_LOGGING_RULES See main.cc and http://woboq.com/blog/nice-debug-output-with-qt.html

Troubleshooting

  1. When building master and SIP you might want to add -DPYQT_SIP_DIR_OVERRIDE=/usr/share/sip/PyQt5/ to make it find the files correctly. This is a bug in the current cmake files that will be fixed later.
  2. WARNING cmake versions 3.1.3 - 3.2.3 have some problems with automoc so the unittests in krita will not be built. If you happen to have this version of cmake (e.g. Ubuntu 15.10) please build hewer cmake manually and call the binary directly from the build directory

This page was last modified on 14 June 2018, at 20:16. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.