Difference between revisions of "Solaris"

(4.4.1 edits, Functional KDE4.4.1 on S10/X64)
m (add note on ogl-select)
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* [http://www.opensound.com/download.cgi Open Sound System Drivers]
* [http://www.opensound.com/download.cgi Open Sound System Drivers]
* pkgrm SUNWpixman (for S10U8, FOSSxstuff replaces it with a fixed version)
* pkgrm SUNWpixman (for S10U8, FOSSxstuff replaces it with a fixed version)
* ogl-select service needs to run for QT build ('svcadm enable ogl-select')
==== Patching your System ====
==== Patching your System ====

Revision as of 21:53, 17 April 2010

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Solaris and OpenSolaris are operating systems that are available for free. In addition, OpenSolaris is released under the CDDL, a FOSS license, by Sun Microsystems. Whilst Solaris has its roots in BSD, it is mostly SysV. Solaris 10 is certified UNIX SUSv3. KDE4 runs on this operating system.

The KDE Project on the OpenSolaris site is intended to be the definitive source of information, but this page on TechBase is intended to collect information, porting and compilation guides, etc. Since TechBase is a wiki, this is much easier than going through the OpenSolaris editing process.

Status: For an overview of the remaining issues, see the KDE4 on Solaris status page, Updated 03/04/2010. It lists dependencies, showstopper bugs and issues with dependencies. Currently can build everything in KDEconsolidation, with the exception of KDEpim, and boot into KDE4.

OpenSolaris: Building on OpenSolaris is covered on the OpenSolaris-specific page.

This page is concerned with instructions on how to build it all.

KDE4 v4.4.1 can be built on Solaris 10 with SS12 or SS12.1. Sparc port is in the works and has made substantial progress.

Solaris and OpenSolaris are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.


This page is about KDE4 (the KDE 4.4.1 branch; we are aiming for having KDE4.4.1 fully functional on Solaris) on Sun Solaris S10U8, running on both amd64 or SPARCv9 hardware and compiled with Sun Studio 12.

No other KDE releases, operating system versions, compiler version (ie, not Studio 11 or Sun Studio Express) or hardware platforms are the target of this project, simply because the core contributors to the project do not have them or the time to work on them.

That's not to say it will not necessarily work; people have and continue to contribute work for older hardware platforms (32-bit only like i386[P3/Athlon]). You can probably run the binaries produced by the project on other OpenSolaris releases, even OpenSolaris 2008.11 or 2009.06, but you're on your own.

On your own, that is, unless you register for Techbase and add your comments on what needed doing and what was problematic somewhere below.

We are concentrating on 4.4.1, since Sun has not even put xcb into the Xserver in SXCE or OSOL. (which is a minor addition to the X protocol, and minor functionality in KDE).

The core team for KDE4 on Solaris is Adriaan de Groot, Lukas Oboril, Stefan Teleman. We'd like to thank Edward O'Callaghan, Ben Taylor and Mark Wright for their help in particular.

Standard Environment Setup

We don't have much in the way of documented KDE4 *use* on Solaris nor many reports of bugs found in daily use of the below KDE4 packages on http://bugs.kde.org/ . Thus we welcome any contributions though either bug reports, the repo or by email.


The Techbase documentation gets out of date quite quickly. Do not follow it blindly; step into the IRC channel or on to the mailing list for more details or help with issues.

Getting KDE4 on your Solaris machine requires the following:

  • Solaris 10U8. or patch to it. 64-bit libraries like openssl is important

enough to get it there. we have a 64-bit libusb available.

  • CBE (Common Build Environment) 1.7.0. - http://opensolaris.org/os/project/jds/contributing/building/
  • A check out of the RPM-style SPEC files (they automagicly grab the sources for you). - I'll show you as we go.
  • Sun Studio 12 or 12.1. - http://developers.sun.com/sunstudio/downloads/
  • The latest patches for SS12 - http://developers.sun.com/sunstudio/downloads/patches/ss12_patches.jsp *if you have a support contract* Thanks Snorcle.
  • If you're running Solaris 10 instead of SXCE, then you can grab the SUNWmercurial package from an SXCE media, since Sun/OpenSolaris removed the SUNWmercurial package from www.opensolaris.org.
  • Solaris 10 Webstack 1.5. Install mysql51 (for QT) and ruby18 (for KDEbindings) using the installer, as well as pfexec pkgadd -d sun-mysql51lib.pkg && pfexec pkgadd -d sun-apache22. We need apache22 to get the Apache Portable Runtime until these may be ported into the FOSS infrastructure. Also, a late addition is Python2.6 (sun-python26) needed for KDEbindings and KDEsdk.
  • Fix /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h
  • Open Sound System Drivers
  • pkgrm SUNWpixman (for S10U8, FOSSxstuff replaces it with a fixed version)
  • ogl-select service needs to run for QT build ('svcadm enable ogl-select')

Patching your System

You can use Solaris 10 update 8 (S10U8). If you really want SXCE, use build 130 and be done with it. Nothing else will change on it, so the constant dependency game on that platform is over. Most of the other developers are using OpenSolaris Build 125 or later. OSOL 06-2009 is interesting but missing lots of dependencies.

Studio 12.1 This installer requires a GUI so better learn to use ssh -X if not on the localhost. On Solaris 10, there are about 7 patches out for SS12.1, so if you have a support contract, go for it. There are some bugs in the code (QT/KDE/etc) that we have to work around on SS12, so SS12.1 make it less tedious.

Studio 12 There is a command line install and a GUI. With the GUI, you can choose not to patch immediately (select the Advanced Options tab when you get to the install options, and un-select "Install Product Patches"). If not using the GUI, then use the batch installer as such (set -a <parm> as required):

./batch_installer -d /opt/SUNWspro -a intel-S2 --copy-sysprep --accept-sla --no-prodpatch

The reason to not patch immediately, is that you're going to have patch Studio 12 after installing, and there's no sense carrying around an extra 400MB in saved patches because the Studio 12 distro already has some older patches included in the distribution. Using Patch Check Advanced (PCA) works well on both S10 and SXCE to handle patches for Studio 12. If you have a contract, you can get current, otherwise just install the patches since the free Studio patches died with Sun.

If you are running OSOL2008.11 or OSOL2008.05, then you will need to select the download Studio 12 *tarball* from the Sun Download site. The packages will add on OpenSolaris, but patchadd *doesn't* work, so you will *not* be able to update the packages for bug fixes on the compiler. An alternative would be to rsync /opt/SUNWspro from a working Solaris 10 or Solaris express system to the Open Solaris system. This may be easier in the long run if you have this configuration, since you'll patch S10 or SXCE, and then just rsync to the OSOL box.

Solaris 10 Install Sun Studio 12. Patch Sun Studio 12 with at least the following (there's an up-to-date list), assuming amd64; for SPARC, check that download page:

  • 124864-16 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for Sun C++ Compiler)
  • 124868-10 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for C 5.9 compiler)
  • 124869-02 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for Sun Performance Library)
  • 124873-07 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for dbx 7.6 Debugger)
  • 124876-02 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for Debugger GUI 3.0)
  • 126496-04 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for debuginfo handling)
  • 126498-16 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Sun Compiler Common patch for x86 backend)
  • 126504-01 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for Sun Distributed Make 7.8)
  • 126996-04 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for Performance Analyzer Tools)
  • 127002-10 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for Fortran 95 8.3 Compiler)
  • 127003-03 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for Fortran 95 8.3 Dynamic Libraries)
  • 127144-03 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for Fortran 95 8.3 Support Library)
  • 127148-01 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for update notification)
  • 127153-01 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for IDE)
  • 127157-01 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for install utilities.)
  • 128226-01 (Sun Studio 12_x86: Patch for localization of Sun C C++ F77 F95)

Also patch your OS with (again, these are listed on the SS12 patches page):

  • 119964-08
  • 120754-05
  • 118677-03
  • 119961-04
  • 119255-57

You can check with CC -V if you are up-to-date for the 124864 patch and cc -V for the 124868. Those are the most important ones.

Solaris 10 Python - Special info

FOSSboost will fail as follows: vesta% tail /tmp/FOSSboost.log pkgbuild: + chmod 755 Solaris/patch.sh pkgbuild: + bash -x ./Solaris/patch.sh boost pkgbuild: + '[' '!' -f configure ']' pkgbuild: + echo '# Checking if pyport.h is sane ... must not redeclare gethostname.' pkgbuild: # Checking if pyport.h is sane ... must not redeclare gethostname. pkgbuild: + test -f /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h pkgbuild: + grep '^extern int gethostname' /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h pkgbuild: extern int gethostname(char *, int); pkgbuild: + exit 1 pkgbuild: Bad exit status from /var/tmp/pkgbuild-edwardoc/pkgbuild-tmp-1.8081 (%prep)

In /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h , there's a gethostbyname prototype; it's wrong. Commenting it out is sufficient as the make system will check for its presence with a bounded grep [ie, ^externt int gethostbyname]).

The line reads as:

extern int gethostname(char *, int);

SNV_(97<->103) - Special info

If you would like to build FOSSnas as a dep, It will fail unless you copy the following files into /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/ More info here; cat /tmp/FOSSnas.log

* Fixed in SNV103: http://bugs.opensolaris.org/bugdatabase/view_bug.do?bug_id=6763798
* Here is a workaround:

[[email protected]]:/export/home/edward:~>uname -sv SunOS snv_99

If you don't do this step you will end up with the following error : "FOSSnas | FAILED | pkgbuild build failed"

/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://xorg.freedesktop.org/archive/individual/util/xorg-cf-files-1.0.2.tar.bz2

/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd xorg-cf-files-1.0.2.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -

cd xorg-cf-files-1.0.2

  • pfexec cp X11.rules /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp X11.tmpl /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xorg.cf /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xorgsite.def /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xorgversion.def /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xf86.rules /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xfree86.cf /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec touch /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/date.def
  • pfexec touch /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/host.def
  • pfexec cp Imake.tmpl /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/

Setting up CBE 1.7RC1

N.B. Please check if a later version is out in : http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/

cd ~ ; mkdir CBE1.7 ; cd CBE1.7

  • x86/x64:

/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/test/desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-x86.tar.bz2

/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-x86.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -

  • SPARC:

/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/test/desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-sparc.tar.bz2

/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-sparc.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -

`cd` in and follow the README/INSTALL file.

If you didn't tell CBE where you want to build the code, it will try to put it under /opt/dtbld. That really won't work because /opt/dtbld is owned by root. Modify ~/.pkgbuildmacros and fix %_topdir to some writable directory that you want to build the code in. Most folks use ~/packages. You can also route the BUILD logs to a directory specified by: ~/.pkgtoolrc and tell "logdir:" where to put it. (~/packages/BUILDLOGS seems reasonable)

Getting KDE4-SPEC's (Release)

Simply; cd ~ ; mkdir KDE4.X.x ; cd KDE4.X.x/

hg clone https://solaris.bionicmutton.org/hg/kde4-specs

Getting KDE4-SPEC's-440 (Unstable Testing/Development)


cd ~ ; mkdir KDE4.X.x ; cd KDE4.X.x/

hg clone https://solaris.bionicmutton.org/hg/kde4-specs-440

N.B. The above is also for contributing back (which this mail message is all about). The *-specs-dev repo is public and writable (over https). So we welcome you too can push fixes back on to it; A review will happen before things end up in *-specs.

KDE4 Compilation and Installation of (Stable)

cd kde4-specs/ ; hg up ; cd specs/


  • Read though and take note of anything important you may need to know since this was last updated.


  • Note: This command will start a subshell. Be careful, because environment variables (notably PATH) set in your shell startup files will override those set up by this command.

make rebuild-CBEcmake rebuild-CBEyasm

  • This updates cmake from the CBE base because there are some Solaris/Studio 12 fixes there in the updated package.

make build-KDEconsolidation

This will now go off and build KDE4 and enything else needed as SysV packages. Come back in about 24h depending on your hardware.

What to expect after a Clean Build

                        FOSSnas |      PASSED |
                    FOSSncurses |      PASSED |
                    FOSSopencdk |      PASSED |
                   FOSSopenldap |      PASSED |
                       FOSSpcre |      PASSED |
                     FOSSphonon |      PASSED |
                FOSSqimageblitz |      PASSED |
                         FOSSqt |      PASSED |
                   FOSSreadline |      PASSED |
                    FOSSsoprano |      PASSED |
                     FOSSsqlite |      PASSED |
                     FOSSstdcxx |      PASSED |
                     FOSSstrigi |      PASSED |
                      FOSSxprop |      PASSED |
                   KDEbase-apps |      PASSED |
                KDEbase-runtime |      PASSED |
              KDEbase-workspace |      PASSED |
              KDEdt-integration |      PASSED |
                        KDElibs |      PASSED |
                         KDEpim |      PASSED |
                     KDEpimlibs |      PASSED |
                         KDEsdk |      PASSED |
                 FOSSlibiconvwo |      PASSED |
                  FOSSgettextwo |      PASSED |
               FOSScyrus-saslwo |      PASSED |
            FOSSmit-kerberos5wo |      PASSED |
                 FOSSopenldapwo |      PASSED |

Getting help

As usual, the IRC channel is a good place to start, but you must be able to pastebin compilation errors in order to get any help. The IRC channel is never too busy. #kde-solaris4 on irc.freenode.net . However, keep in mind that IRC is a live medium and it may not be the best place to ask questions. The mailing list kde-discuss at opensolaris.org is much more patient.

Also, you are expected to do your homework. Compiling KDE4 on Solaris is not for the faint of heart and you really need to know your way around compiling stuff and dealing with system software installation; otherwise you will be quickly ignored.

Binary Packages

A basic install script has been provided to do as much validation as can be done to make sure accounts, privileges, space requirements are satisfied to install the binary packages for KDE4 for Solaris.

The install script has several options:

You must set SRC_DOWNLOAD to a location that has 3GB of free space, not including the requirements for 2GB on /opt.

There is an option to download, unroll, and remove the tarball and pkg dir after install which minimizes the need for keeping it all local. This is done by editing the following variables in the script as such:


The script was tested locally, and other than not downloading the tarballs to the local system, the script stands up a beautiful KDE4 install for Solaris 10. You are expected to follow the instructions the script give you if you are missing accounts or privilieges.

No warranties, implied or otherwise. I'm doing this just because I'm hoping other folks will help test KDE4 and be able to report bugs. It does take about a day to build KDE4 on a Quad core X64 box as I've packaged it, so the build is not trivial.

Solaris 10/X64

This is KDE-4.1.3 for Solaris 10/X64. (if you choose to load it on SXCE or OSOL, comments about it's functionality or things being borked will be ignored... )

Space requirements:

  • Downloads: 700MB
  • Uncompressed pkgs: 2GB
  • /opt/foss 1.3GB
  • /opt/kde-4.1 700MB

The install script is maintained and located (and will be updated) at http://solaris.bionicmutton.org/PKGS/S10-x64/Install-s10-x64-kde4.sh

There are some local variables in the script, which will allow you to change some of the behaviors, such as download all, but don't install, or download each package, install it and remove the downloaded package.

This page was last edited on 17 April 2010, at 21:53. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.