Difference between revisions of "Solaris"

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Solaris (and [http://www.opensolaris.org/ OpenSolaris]) are Free Software operating systems released under the CDDL by Sun Microsystems. They are vaguely BSD-like. KDE4 runs on this operating system.
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{{warning|The KDE on Solaris project, also KDE on OpenSolaris, was active from around the year 2000 until nearly 2014, when the remaining team members ceased active development of the KDE packages. This page should be considered mostly of historical interest, although nothing stops anyone from trying to re-start KDE packaging on a descendant of Solaris such as IllumOS.}}
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In the summer of 2015, the KDE on Solaris subdomain (solaris.kde.org) was shuttered and redirected to this page. The efforts to package KDE for Solaris and its derivatives have ceased as far as the KDE community knows.
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 +
== Contributors ==
 +
 
 +
The KDE Solaris Core Team in 2004:
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Claudiu Costin,
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Ken Mays,
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Stefan Teleman,
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Eva Brucherseifer,
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Jaime Penalba,
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Sergio Rodriguez de Guzman.
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Contributors group in 2004:
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Solaris x86 Engineering team,
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The Blastwave.org maintainers,
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Lars Tunkrans,
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Dirk Mueller,
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Roman Maeder,
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Matthew Day,
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Laurent Blume,
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Thomas Bennett,
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Adrian Murillo,
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Rainald Lampl,
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Torsten Kasch,
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Mikael Dalsgard,
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Guenter Feldmann,
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Christopher Layne,
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Dan Rawson,
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Vladimir Anne,
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Russell LeBar,
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Nicolas Ternisien (website).
 +
 
 +
 
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KDE OpenSolaris core team:
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Adriaan de Groot,
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Lukas Oboril,
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Stefan Teleman,
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Edward O'Callaghan,
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Ben Taylor,
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Mark Wright.
 +
 
 +
== Preamble ==
 +
 
 +
[http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solaris/overview/index.html Oracle Solaris 10] and [http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solaris11/overview/index.html Oracle Solaris 11 Express] are operating systems that are available for free. Read the [http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/licenses/solaris-cluster-express-license-167852.html Licensing Terms] for Oracle Solaris 10 and Oracle Solaris 11 Express.  IANAL, but the terms
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 +
    LICENSE RIGHTS
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    Except for any included software package or file that is licensed to you by Oracle under different license
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    terms, we grant you a perpetual (unless terminated as provided in this agreement), nonexclusive,
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    nontransferable, limited License to use the Programs only for the purpose of developing, testing,
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    prototyping and demonstrating your applications, and not for any other purpose.
 +
 
 +
would appear to allow contribution of an individual to the KDE4 project.
 +
Make your own decision, or talk to your local Business legal representative...
 +
 
 +
In addition, [http://opensolaris.org OpenSolaris] was released under the CDDL, a FOSS license, by Sun Microsystems, but Oracle disbanded the open development of the project after acquiring Sun. Whilst Solaris has its roots in BSD, it is mostly SysV. Solaris 10 is certified UNIX [http://www.unix.org/single_unix_specification/ SUSv3]. KDE4 runs on this operating system.
  
 
The [http://www.opensolaris.org/os/project/kde/ KDE Project] on the OpenSolaris site is intended to be the definitive source of information, but this page on TechBase is intended to collect information, porting and compilation guides, etc. Since TechBase is a wiki, this is much easier than going through the OpenSolaris editing process.
 
The [http://www.opensolaris.org/os/project/kde/ KDE Project] on the OpenSolaris site is intended to be the definitive source of information, but this page on TechBase is intended to collect information, porting and compilation guides, etc. Since TechBase is a wiki, this is much easier than going through the OpenSolaris editing process.
  
== Compilation and Installation ==
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'''Status:''' For an overview of the new issues, see the '''[[KDE_on_Solaris/KDE4_on_Solaris10_Status|KDE4.6.3 on Solaris 10 status]]''' page ('''Updated 05/17/2011'''), which lists the current status. The older '''[[KDE_on_Solaris/Status|the KDE4.4.1 on Solaris 10 status]]''' page, ('''Updated 03/04/2011''') lists dependencies, showstopper bugs and issues with dependencies.  Not much has happened on the S10 KDE4 front for a while. Trying to resurrect it again....
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 +
'''Oracle Solaris 11 Express nee OpenSolaris:''' Building on Oracle Solaris 11 Express/OpenSolaris is covered on the [[KDE_on_Solaris/OpenSolaris|OpenSolaris-specific page]].
 +
 
 +
This page is concerned with instructions on how to build it all.
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 +
''' KDE4 v4.6.0 should be able to be built on Solaris 10 with SS12.2, though there are known issues the SS12.2 and CXX Templates among other bugs '''
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 +
'' Solaris '' and '' OpenSolaris '' are trademarks of Oracle.
 +
 
 +
== Scope ==
 +
 
 +
This page is about KDE4 (the KDE 4.6.0 branch; we are aiming for having KDE4.6.0 fully functional) on Oracle Solaris S10U9 and Oracle Solaris 11 Express, running initially on x86 hardware, then supporting SPARC hardware and compiled with Sun Studio 12.2.
 +
 
 +
No other KDE releases, operating system versions, compiler version (ie, not Studio 11, 12 or Sun Studio Express) or hardware platforms are the target of this project, simply because the core contributors to the project do not have them or the time to work on them.
 +
 
 +
That's not to say it will not necessarily work; people have and continue to contribute work for older hardware platforms (32-bit only like i386[P3/Athlon]). You can probably run the binaries produced by the project on other OpenSolaris releases, even OpenSolaris 2008.11 or 2009.06, but you're
 +
on your own.
  
Getting KDE4 on your Solaris machine is a three step process: you need KBE, the KDE Build Environment, as it contains a bunch of tools you need to build KDE4 with. Then there are the dependencies, for which we have RPM-style spec files. And then there is KDE4 itself.
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On your own, that is, unless you register for Techbase and add your comments on
 +
what needed doing and what was problematic somewhere below.
  
=== KBE Compilation and Installation ===
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We are concentrating on 4.6.0. However since Oracle has not put xcb into the Xserver in Solaris 10 or Solaris 11 Express. (which is a minor addition to the X protocol, and minor functionality in KDE), there may be some problems related to this missing feature.
  
KBE is the "KDE Build Environment" which gives you the tools needed to build the dependencies of KDE and then KDE itself. You can get [http://www.bionicmutton.org/tmp/KBE.tar.gz a tarball of KBE] and unpack that. SVN is included in there, which we need later. There is also make and cmake and other bits and pieces; vim is also included to soothe the nerves of vi-using KDE people like me.<blockquote><tt>wget http://www.bionicmutton.org/solaris/KBE.tar.gz<br/>
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The core team for KDE4 on Solaris is Adriaan de Groot, Lukas Oboril, Stefan Teleman. We'd like to thank Edward O'Callaghan, Ben Taylor and Mark Wright for their help in particular.
/usr/sfw/bin/gtar xvzf KBE.tar.gz<br/>
 
cd KBE<br/>
 
bash kbe-install</tt></blockquote>
 
These four commands will fetch and unpack and then start the KBE install script. This script will install dependencies that KBE has which are on the Solaris install media (SUNWi2c and twenty others, I think). Then it will start building the packages for KBE itself, starting with pkgtool. It should go off without a hitch (otherwise post output to the mailing list). If it craps out somehow, you will have to start over from scratch: <tt>pkgrm -Y KBE ; bash kbe-install</tt>.
 
  
Once KBE is done installing, you can check with <tt>pkginfo -c KBE </tt> to see what it has installed. You will have a <tt>/opt/kdebld</tt> filled with "stuff". Right. Now source the environment from KBE, which you will use in later steps:<blockquote><tt>. /opt/kdebld/bin/env.sh</tt></blockquote>
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== Standard Environment Setup ==
(Use <tt>env.csh</tt> if that's your poison). If you don't have an env.sh at the end, something is definitely wrong. I end up with 210 or so files in <tt>/opt/kdebld/bin</tt>, so keep that in mind as a metric. There are 23 packages in the KBE group.
 
  
==== Avoiding KBE dependencies ====
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We don't have much in the way of documented KDE4 *use* on Solaris nor many reports of bugs found in daily use of the below KDE4 packages on http://bugs.kde.org/ .
 +
Thus we welcome any contributions though either bug reports, the repo or by email.
  
You can give <tt>kbe-install</tt> a <tt>--nodeps</tt> to avoid the SUNW packages that it wants to install. You '''do''' need to have Sun Studio 12 9/07 or later installed; any later patches are welcome as well. I do not know what avoiding the SUNW dependencies will do, actually: they don't really seem to be essential, but I would suggest skipping this step '''only''' if you don't have the install media handy.
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=== Prerequisites ===
  
==== Getting help ====
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{{warning|The Techbase documentation gets out of date quite quickly. Do not follow it blindly; step into the IRC channel or on to the mailing list for more details or help with issues.}}
  
If <tt>kbe-install</tt> does not work, please pop into #kde-solaris on Freenode (irc.kde.org works) and ask questions.
+
Getting KDE4 on your Solaris machine requires the following:
  
=== Dependencies ===
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* Solaris 10U9 or patch to it. 64-bit libraries like openssl is important enough to get it there, and we have a 64-bit libusb available. Initially, to restart the S10 project, only 32-bit compiles will be done to get a proof of concept.
  
KDE4 has a lot of dependencies. Without getting near to porting all of the optional dependencies for the first four KDE SVN modules, the KDE Solaris team has already done about 50 different Open Source packages. These need to be installed first before you can compile KDE4. The packages range from single header files to Qt 4.3.1, which is kind of big. All of the dependencies are distributed as SysV packages.
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* [http://opensolaris.org/os/project/jds/contributing/building/ CBE (Common Build Environment) 1.7.0] - tool chain to make pkgbuild work
 +
* A check out of the RPM-style SPEC files (they automagically grab the sources for you). - I'll show you as we go.
 +
* '''[http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solarisstudio/downloads/index.html Sun Studio 12]''' - Packages if you have a support contract, tarfile if you don't. '''SS12 is preferable''' over SS12.2 due to bugs in SS12.2
  
==== Getting spec files ====
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*[http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solarisstudio/downloads/studio12-update1-136165.html Sun Studio 12.1] - Packages if you have a support contract, tarfile if you don't.
  
The next part of the equation is getting all of the '''dependencies''' of KDE to build. These are numerous, multifarious, and huge. And at least one of them will break. So start off with fetching the tarball with the SPECS, from bionicmutton.org:<blockquote><tt>/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://www.bionicmutton.org/solaris/SPECS.tar.gz<br/>
+
* [http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solarisstudio/downloads/index.html Oracle Studio 12.2] - Packages if you have a support contract, tarfile if you don't. see '''[http://techbase.kde.org/KDE_on_Solaris/Studio12.2_hallofshame Oracle SS12.2 Bugs]''' which cause problems for the KDE4 Solaris Project.
/usr/sfw/bin/gtar xvzf SPECS.tar.gz<br/>
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* [http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solarisstudio/downloads/index-jsp-136213.html The latest patches for SS12.2] -  *if you have a support contract*.
cd SPECS</tt></blockquote>
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* S10TLSmercurial - pkg download to be provided soon.  Can also use an old SXCE SUNWmercurial since it's all python except for a couple of libraries.
 +
* Solaris 10 [https://cds.sun.com/is-bin/INTERSHOP.enfinity/WFS/CDS-CDS_SMI-Site/en_US/-/USD/[email protected]_SMI Webstack 1.5]. Install mysql51 (for QT) and ruby18 (for KDEbindings) using the installer, as well as pfexec pkgadd -d sun-mysql51lib.pkg && pfexec pkgadd -d sun-apache22.  We need apache22 to get the Apache Portable Runtime until these may be ported into the FOSS infrastructure. Also, a late addition is Python2.6 (sun-python26) needed for KDEbindings and KDEsdk.
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* Fix /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h
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* [http://www.opensound.com/download.cgi Open Sound System Drivers]
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* pkgrm SUNWpixman (for S10U8, FOSSxstuff replaces it with a fixed version)
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* ogl-select service needs to run for QT build ('svcadm enable ogl-select')
  
In the <tt>SPECS/</tt> directory you will find a whole bunch of files named FOSS&lt;<i>something</i>&gt;. These are all the dependencies currently packaged.  Some of these may conflict with files and packages already sitting in your <tt>~/packages/</tt> directory, so it is safest to remove <tt>~/packages/BUILD/*</tt> and <tt>~/packages/SPECS/*</tt> and <tt>~/packages/SOURCES/*</tt> (but not the directories themselves).
 
  
 
==== Patching your System ====
 
==== Patching your System ====
  
Boost, one of the dependencies, builds Python bindings, and the Python headers installed by the system Python package are broken. So you will have to edit them as root to fix this. Fortunately it will take a while before Boost gets there, so start the make process and then an editor. In <tt>/usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h</tt> there is a <tt>gethostname()</tt> prototype that must be commented out. Or get a [http://www.bionicmutton.org/solaris/pyport.h good copy of pyport.h] here.
+
You can use Solaris 10 update 9 (S10U9). Unless you can get patches, it probably better just to start with S10U9, since anything else will be out of date by at least 18 months.
  
==== Compilation ====
+
Using [http://www.par.univie.ac.at/solaris/pca Patch Check Advanced (PCA)] works well on S10 to handle patches for Solaris and Studio 12.2.  If you have a contract, you can get current, otherwise just deal with stock Studio 12.2 since the free Studio patches died with Sun.  Don't even bother with Solaris Update Manager.
  
You will have to source the environment from KBE and then run make. That will start building all of the packages, one by one. You will get lots of lines of output like the following:<blockquote><tt>pkginfo -q "FOSSexiv2" || pkgtool --download build "FOSSexiv2.spec"<br/>
 
INFO: Copying %use'd or %include'd spec files to SPECS directory<br/>
 
INFO: Processing spec files<br/>
 
INFO: Finding sources<br/>
 
INFO: Downloading source http://www.bionicmutton.org/solaris/EXIV2-0.14.tar.gz</tt></blockquote>
 
  
If a package build fails, there will be a <tt>/tmp/FOSS*.log</tt> file explaining what went wrong. If configure fails in these packages, look for <tt>/tmp/config.log</tt> as well. Unfortunately pkgtool seems to destroy the build results directory even when it fails; you may also be able to look into <tt>~/packages/BUILD/</tt> to find the directory where things were building.
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'''Studio 12.2'''
 +
This installer requires a GUI so better learn to use ssh -X if not on the localhost.  On Solaris 10, there are about 5 patches out for SS12.2, so if you have a support contract, go for it. There are still some serious bugs in SS12.2, and you can help by registering with bugs.sun.com and voting for bugs that affect the Studio12.2 compiler and KDE dependencies (eigen, boost, templates). You can vote for 3 bugs at any time, so if one has a higher priority for you, remove the vote for another bug and vote the one you want.
  
==== Getting help ====
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There is a GUI for the package installer.  With the GUI, there are no patch options unless there are Solaris patches required to make the compiler work. I prefer to select to remove the Japanese and Chinese locales, for obvious reasons.  It's probably easier to just load from the tarball.
  
As usual, the IRC channel is a good place to start, but you must be able to pastebin compilation errors in order to get any help.
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If you are running OSOL2008.11 or OSOL2008.05, then you will need to select
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the download Studio 12.2 *tarball* from the Oracle Studio Download site.
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 +
'''Solaris 10 '''
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Install [http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solarisstudio/downloads/index.html Sun Studio 12.2].
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 +
==== Solaris 10 Python - Special info ====
 +
 
 +
If you forget to fix /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h, FOSSboost will fail as follows:
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="text">
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vesta% tail /tmp/FOSSboost.log
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pkgbuild: + chmod 755 Solaris/patch.sh
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pkgbuild: + bash -x ./Solaris/patch.sh boost
 +
pkgbuild: + '[' '!' -f configure ']'
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pkgbuild: + echo '# Checking if pyport.h is sane ... must not redeclare gethostname.'
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pkgbuild: # Checking if pyport.h is sane ... must not redeclare gethostname.
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pkgbuild: + test -f /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h
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pkgbuild: + grep '^extern int gethostname' /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h
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pkgbuild: extern int gethostname(char *, int);
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pkgbuild: + exit 1
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pkgbuild: Bad exit status from /var/tmp/pkgbuild-edwardoc/pkgbuild-tmp-1.8081 (%prep)
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
{{warning|In /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h , there's a gethostbyname prototype; it's wrong.  Commenting it out is sufficient as the make system will check for its presence with a bounded grep [ie, ^externt int gethostbyname]).
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The line reads as:
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extern int gethostname(char *, int);}}
 +
 
 +
==== SNV_(97<->103) - Special info ====
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 +
{{warning|If you would like to build FOSSnas as a dep, It will fail unless you copy the following files into /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/ More info here; cat /tmp/FOSSnas.log }}
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 +
* Fixed in SNV103: http://bugs.opensolaris.org/bugdatabase/view_bug.do?bug_id=6763798
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 +
* Here is a workaround:
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 +
[[email protected]]:/export/home/edward:~>uname -sv
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SunOS snv_99
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 +
If you don't do this step you will end up with the following error : "FOSSnas |      FAILED | pkgbuild build failed"
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 +
/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://xorg.freedesktop.org/archive/individual/util/xorg-cf-files-1.0.2.tar.bz2
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 +
/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd xorg-cf-files-1.0.2.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -
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 +
cd xorg-cf-files-1.0.2
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 +
* pfexec cp X11.rules /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
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* pfexec cp X11.tmpl /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
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* pfexec cp xorg.cf /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
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* pfexec cp xorgsite.def /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
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* pfexec cp xorgversion.def /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
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* pfexec cp xf86.rules /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
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* pfexec cp xfree86.cf /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
 +
* pfexec touch /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/date.def
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* pfexec touch /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/host.def
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* pfexec cp Imake.tmpl /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
 +
 
 +
==== Setting up CBE 1.7RC1 ====
 +
 
 +
N.B. Please check if a later version is out in : http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/
 +
 
 +
cd ~ ; mkdir CBE1.7 ; cd CBE1.7
 +
 
 +
* x86/x64:
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/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/test/desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-x86.tar.bz2
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 +
/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-x86.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -
 +
 
 +
* SPARC:
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/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/test/desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-sparc.tar.bz2
 +
 
 +
/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-sparc.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -
 +
 
 +
`cd` in and follow the README/INSTALL file.
 +
 
 +
{{warning|If you didn't tell CBE where you want to build the code, it will try to put it under /opt/dtbld.  That really won't work because /opt/dtbld is owned by root.  Modify ~/.pkgbuildmacros and fix %_topdir to some writable directory that you want to build the code in. Most folks use ~/packages.  You can also route the BUILD logs to a directory specified by: ~/.pkgtoolrc and tell "logdir:" where to put it. (~/packages/BUILDLOGS seems reasonable)}}
 +
 
 +
== Getting KDE4-SPEC's (Release) ==
 +
 
 +
Simply;
 +
cd ~ ; mkdir KDE4 ; cd KDE4/
 +
 
 +
hg clone https://solaris.bionicmutton.org/hg/kde4-specs
 +
* If you don't like using mercurial at all, you can get the tarball here; http://solaris.bionicmutton.org/hg/kde4-specs/archive/tip.tar.gz
 +
 
 +
== Getting KDE4-SPEC's-460 (Unstable Testing/Development) ==
 +
 
 +
Simply;
 +
 
 +
cd ~ ; mkdir KDE4.X.x ; cd KDE4.X.x/
 +
 
 +
hg clone https://solaris.bionicmutton.org/hg/kde4-specs-460
 +
* If you don't like using mercurial at all, you can get the tarball here; http://solaris.bionicmutton.org/hg/kde4-specs-460/archive/tip.tar.gz
 +
 
 +
N.B. The above is also for contributing back (which this mail message is all about). The *-specs-dev repo is public and writable (over https).
 +
So we welcome you too can push fixes back on to it; A review will happen before things end up in *-specs.
  
=== KDE4 Proper ===
+
== KDE4 Compilation and Installation of (Stable) ==
  
KDE4 still builds out of KDE SVN. We have a setup that applies a handful of Solaris-specific patches to the code and then builds everything. We don't use kdesvn-build yet, but probably should when there are no external patches left.
+
cd kde4-specs/ ; hg up ; cd specs/
  
==== Setting up an SVN checkout ====
+
more README
 +
* Read though and take note of anything important you may need to know since this was last updated.
  
Get a checkout of KDE SVN trunk, like so:<blockquote><tt>/opt/kdebld/bin/svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE</tt></blockquote>That's a huge checkout. Remember where you put it.
+
/opt/dtbld/bin/env.sh
 +
* Note: This command will start a subshell. Be careful, because environment variables (notably PATH) set in your shell startup files will override those set up by this command.
  
==== Using the build system ====
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make rebuild-CBEcmake rebuild-CBEyasm
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* This updates cmake from the CBE base because there are some Solaris/Studio 12 fixes there in the updated package.
  
The build system lives in CVSDude SVN, so you need to check it out as well:<blockquote><tt>/opt/kdebld/bin/svn co https://svn2.cvsdude.com/kdesolaris/trunk/Build</tt></blockquote>
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make build-KDEconsolidation
Now is probably the right time to source <tt>/opt/kdebld/bin/env.sh</tt> again. Notice that <tt>Build/</tt> just contains Makefiles. Everything here is driven by (GNU) make.
 
  
Configuration is stored in <tt>Makefile.config</tt> and you can override most of that in a file <tt>Makefile.config.local</tt>. The contents of my local configuration file are as follows:<code>KDESVN_DIR=/export/home/adridg/KDE
+
This will now go off and build KDE4 and anything else needed as SysV packages. Come back in about 24h depending on your hardware.
DESTRUCTIVE_UNPACK=YES</code>That ought to be self-explanitory: I have the KDE SVN checkout under <tt>~/KDE</tt>.
 
  
A good trial run is of the kdesupport SVN module, so run <tt>make -f Makefile.kdesupport</tt>
+
=== What to expect after a Clean Build ===
 +
                        FOSSnas |      PASSED |
 +
                    FOSSncurses |      PASSED |
 +
                    FOSSopencdk |      PASSED |
 +
                    FOSSopenldap |      PASSED |
 +
                        FOSSpcre |      PASSED |
 +
                      FOSSphonon |      PASSED |
 +
                FOSSqimageblitz |      PASSED |
 +
                          FOSSqt |      PASSED |
 +
                    FOSSreadline |      PASSED |
 +
                    FOSSsoprano |      PASSED |
 +
                      FOSSsqlite |      PASSED |
 +
                      FOSSstdcxx |      PASSED |
 +
                      FOSSstrigi |      PASSED |
 +
                      FOSSxprop |      PASSED |
 +
                    KDEbase-apps |      PASSED |
 +
                KDEbase-runtime |      PASSED |
 +
              KDEbase-workspace |      PASSED |
 +
              KDEdt-integration |      PASSED |
 +
                        KDElibs |      PASSED |
 +
                          KDEpim |      PASSED |
 +
                      KDEpimlibs |      PASSED |
 +
                          KDEsdk |      PASSED |
 +
                  FOSSlibiconvwo |      PASSED |
 +
                  FOSSgettextwo |      PASSED |
 +
                FOSScyrus-saslwo |      PASSED |
 +
            FOSSmit-kerberos5wo |      PASSED |
 +
                  FOSSopenldapwo |      PASSED |
  
==== Getting help ====
+
== Getting help ==
  
 +
As usual, the IRC channel is a good place to start, but you must be able to pastebin compilation errors in order to get any help.
 
The IRC channel is never too busy.
 
The IRC channel is never too busy.
 +
<nowiki>#</nowiki>kde-solaris4 on irc.freenode.net . However, keep in mind that IRC is a live medium and it may not be the best place to ask questions. The mailing list kde-discuss at opensolaris.org is much more patient.
 +
 +
Also, you are expected to do your homework. Compiling KDE4 on Solaris is not for the faint of heart and you '''really''' need to know your way around compiling stuff and dealing with system software installation.
 +
 +
 +
== Binary Packages ==
 +
 +
No binary packages for KDE4 for Solaris 10 currently

Latest revision as of 19:17, 18 March 2016

Warning
The KDE on Solaris project, also KDE on OpenSolaris, was active from around the year 2000 until nearly 2014, when the remaining team members ceased active development of the KDE packages. This page should be considered mostly of historical interest, although nothing stops anyone from trying to re-start KDE packaging on a descendant of Solaris such as IllumOS.


In the summer of 2015, the KDE on Solaris subdomain (solaris.kde.org) was shuttered and redirected to this page. The efforts to package KDE for Solaris and its derivatives have ceased as far as the KDE community knows.

Contributors

The KDE Solaris Core Team in 2004:

Claudiu Costin, Ken Mays, Stefan Teleman, Eva Brucherseifer, Jaime Penalba, Sergio Rodriguez de Guzman.

Contributors group in 2004:

Solaris x86 Engineering team, The Blastwave.org maintainers, Lars Tunkrans, Dirk Mueller, Roman Maeder, Matthew Day, Laurent Blume, Thomas Bennett, Adrian Murillo, Rainald Lampl, Torsten Kasch, Mikael Dalsgard, Guenter Feldmann, Christopher Layne, Dan Rawson, Vladimir Anne, Russell LeBar, Nicolas Ternisien (website).


KDE OpenSolaris core team:

Adriaan de Groot, Lukas Oboril, Stefan Teleman, Edward O'Callaghan, Ben Taylor, Mark Wright.

Preamble

Oracle Solaris 10 and Oracle Solaris 11 Express are operating systems that are available for free. Read the Licensing Terms for Oracle Solaris 10 and Oracle Solaris 11 Express. IANAL, but the terms

   LICENSE RIGHTS
   Except for any included software package or file that is licensed to you by Oracle under different license
   terms, we grant you a perpetual (unless terminated as provided in this agreement), nonexclusive,
   nontransferable, limited License to use the Programs only for the purpose of developing, testing,
   prototyping and demonstrating your applications, and not for any other purpose.

would appear to allow contribution of an individual to the KDE4 project. Make your own decision, or talk to your local Business legal representative...

In addition, OpenSolaris was released under the CDDL, a FOSS license, by Sun Microsystems, but Oracle disbanded the open development of the project after acquiring Sun. Whilst Solaris has its roots in BSD, it is mostly SysV. Solaris 10 is certified UNIX SUSv3. KDE4 runs on this operating system.

The KDE Project on the OpenSolaris site is intended to be the definitive source of information, but this page on TechBase is intended to collect information, porting and compilation guides, etc. Since TechBase is a wiki, this is much easier than going through the OpenSolaris editing process.

Status: For an overview of the new issues, see the KDE4.6.3 on Solaris 10 status page (Updated 05/17/2011), which lists the current status. The older the KDE4.4.1 on Solaris 10 status page, (Updated 03/04/2011) lists dependencies, showstopper bugs and issues with dependencies. Not much has happened on the S10 KDE4 front for a while. Trying to resurrect it again....

Oracle Solaris 11 Express nee OpenSolaris: Building on Oracle Solaris 11 Express/OpenSolaris is covered on the OpenSolaris-specific page.

This page is concerned with instructions on how to build it all.

KDE4 v4.6.0 should be able to be built on Solaris 10 with SS12.2, though there are known issues the SS12.2 and CXX Templates among other bugs

Solaris and OpenSolaris are trademarks of Oracle.

Scope

This page is about KDE4 (the KDE 4.6.0 branch; we are aiming for having KDE4.6.0 fully functional) on Oracle Solaris S10U9 and Oracle Solaris 11 Express, running initially on x86 hardware, then supporting SPARC hardware and compiled with Sun Studio 12.2.

No other KDE releases, operating system versions, compiler version (ie, not Studio 11, 12 or Sun Studio Express) or hardware platforms are the target of this project, simply because the core contributors to the project do not have them or the time to work on them.

That's not to say it will not necessarily work; people have and continue to contribute work for older hardware platforms (32-bit only like i386[P3/Athlon]). You can probably run the binaries produced by the project on other OpenSolaris releases, even OpenSolaris 2008.11 or 2009.06, but you're on your own.

On your own, that is, unless you register for Techbase and add your comments on what needed doing and what was problematic somewhere below.

We are concentrating on 4.6.0. However since Oracle has not put xcb into the Xserver in Solaris 10 or Solaris 11 Express. (which is a minor addition to the X protocol, and minor functionality in KDE), there may be some problems related to this missing feature.

The core team for KDE4 on Solaris is Adriaan de Groot, Lukas Oboril, Stefan Teleman. We'd like to thank Edward O'Callaghan, Ben Taylor and Mark Wright for their help in particular.

Standard Environment Setup

We don't have much in the way of documented KDE4 *use* on Solaris nor many reports of bugs found in daily use of the below KDE4 packages on http://bugs.kde.org/ . Thus we welcome any contributions though either bug reports, the repo or by email.

Prerequisites

Warning
The Techbase documentation gets out of date quite quickly. Do not follow it blindly; step into the IRC channel or on to the mailing list for more details or help with issues.


Getting KDE4 on your Solaris machine requires the following:

  • Solaris 10U9 or patch to it. 64-bit libraries like openssl is important enough to get it there, and we have a 64-bit libusb available. Initially, to restart the S10 project, only 32-bit compiles will be done to get a proof of concept.
  • CBE (Common Build Environment) 1.7.0 - tool chain to make pkgbuild work
  • A check out of the RPM-style SPEC files (they automagically grab the sources for you). - I'll show you as we go.
  • Sun Studio 12 - Packages if you have a support contract, tarfile if you don't. SS12 is preferable over SS12.2 due to bugs in SS12.2
  • Sun Studio 12.1 - Packages if you have a support contract, tarfile if you don't.
  • Oracle Studio 12.2 - Packages if you have a support contract, tarfile if you don't. see Oracle SS12.2 Bugs which cause problems for the KDE4 Solaris Project.
  • The latest patches for SS12.2 - *if you have a support contract*.
  • S10TLSmercurial - pkg download to be provided soon. Can also use an old SXCE SUNWmercurial since it's all python except for a couple of libraries.
  • Solaris 10 Webstack 1.5. Install mysql51 (for QT) and ruby18 (for KDEbindings) using the installer, as well as pfexec pkgadd -d sun-mysql51lib.pkg && pfexec pkgadd -d sun-apache22. We need apache22 to get the Apache Portable Runtime until these may be ported into the FOSS infrastructure. Also, a late addition is Python2.6 (sun-python26) needed for KDEbindings and KDEsdk.
  • Fix /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h
  • Open Sound System Drivers
  • pkgrm SUNWpixman (for S10U8, FOSSxstuff replaces it with a fixed version)
  • ogl-select service needs to run for QT build ('svcadm enable ogl-select')


Patching your System

You can use Solaris 10 update 9 (S10U9). Unless you can get patches, it probably better just to start with S10U9, since anything else will be out of date by at least 18 months.

Using Patch Check Advanced (PCA) works well on S10 to handle patches for Solaris and Studio 12.2. If you have a contract, you can get current, otherwise just deal with stock Studio 12.2 since the free Studio patches died with Sun. Don't even bother with Solaris Update Manager.


Studio 12.2 This installer requires a GUI so better learn to use ssh -X if not on the localhost. On Solaris 10, there are about 5 patches out for SS12.2, so if you have a support contract, go for it. There are still some serious bugs in SS12.2, and you can help by registering with bugs.sun.com and voting for bugs that affect the Studio12.2 compiler and KDE dependencies (eigen, boost, templates). You can vote for 3 bugs at any time, so if one has a higher priority for you, remove the vote for another bug and vote the one you want.

There is a GUI for the package installer. With the GUI, there are no patch options unless there are Solaris patches required to make the compiler work. I prefer to select to remove the Japanese and Chinese locales, for obvious reasons. It's probably easier to just load from the tarball.

If you are running OSOL2008.11 or OSOL2008.05, then you will need to select the download Studio 12.2 *tarball* from the Oracle Studio Download site.

Solaris 10 Install Sun Studio 12.2.

Solaris 10 Python - Special info

If you forget to fix /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h, FOSSboost will fail as follows:

vesta% tail /tmp/FOSSboost.log
pkgbuild: + chmod 755 Solaris/patch.sh
pkgbuild: + bash -x ./Solaris/patch.sh boost
pkgbuild: + '[' '!' -f configure ']'
pkgbuild: + echo '# Checking if pyport.h is sane ... must not redeclare gethostname.'
pkgbuild: # Checking if pyport.h is sane ... must not redeclare gethostname.
pkgbuild: + test -f /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h
pkgbuild: + grep '^extern int gethostname' /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h
pkgbuild: extern int gethostname(char *, int);
pkgbuild: + exit 1
pkgbuild: Bad exit status from /var/tmp/pkgbuild-edwardoc/pkgbuild-tmp-1.8081 (%prep)
Warning
In /usr/include/python2.4/pyport.h , there's a gethostbyname prototype; it's wrong. Commenting it out is sufficient as the make system will check for its presence with a bounded grep [ie, ^externt int gethostbyname]).

The line reads as:

extern int gethostname(char *, int);


SNV_(97<->103) - Special info

Warning
If you would like to build FOSSnas as a dep, It will fail unless you copy the following files into /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/ More info here; cat /tmp/FOSSnas.log


* Fixed in SNV103: http://bugs.opensolaris.org/bugdatabase/view_bug.do?bug_id=6763798
* Here is a workaround:

[[email protected]]:/export/home/edward:~>uname -sv SunOS snv_99

If you don't do this step you will end up with the following error : "FOSSnas | FAILED | pkgbuild build failed"

/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://xorg.freedesktop.org/archive/individual/util/xorg-cf-files-1.0.2.tar.bz2

/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd xorg-cf-files-1.0.2.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -

cd xorg-cf-files-1.0.2

  • pfexec cp X11.rules /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp X11.tmpl /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xorg.cf /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xorgsite.def /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xorgversion.def /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xf86.rules /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec cp xfree86.cf /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/
  • pfexec touch /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/date.def
  • pfexec touch /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/host.def
  • pfexec cp Imake.tmpl /usr/X11/lib/X11/config/

Setting up CBE 1.7RC1

N.B. Please check if a later version is out in : http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/

cd ~ ; mkdir CBE1.7 ; cd CBE1.7

  • x86/x64:

/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/test/desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-x86.tar.bz2

/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-x86.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -

  • SPARC:

/usr/sfw/bin/wget http://dlc.sun.com/osol/jds/downloads/cbe/test/desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-sparc.tar.bz2

/usr/bin/bunzip2 -cd desktop-cbe-1.7.0-rc1-sparc.tar.bz2 | tar -xvf -

`cd` in and follow the README/INSTALL file.

Warning
If you didn't tell CBE where you want to build the code, it will try to put it under /opt/dtbld. That really won't work because /opt/dtbld is owned by root. Modify ~/.pkgbuildmacros and fix %_topdir to some writable directory that you want to build the code in. Most folks use ~/packages. You can also route the BUILD logs to a directory specified by: ~/.pkgtoolrc and tell "logdir:" where to put it. (~/packages/BUILDLOGS seems reasonable)


Getting KDE4-SPEC's (Release)

Simply; cd ~ ; mkdir KDE4 ; cd KDE4/

hg clone https://solaris.bionicmutton.org/hg/kde4-specs

Getting KDE4-SPEC's-460 (Unstable Testing/Development)

Simply;

cd ~ ; mkdir KDE4.X.x ; cd KDE4.X.x/

hg clone https://solaris.bionicmutton.org/hg/kde4-specs-460

N.B. The above is also for contributing back (which this mail message is all about). The *-specs-dev repo is public and writable (over https). So we welcome you too can push fixes back on to it; A review will happen before things end up in *-specs.

KDE4 Compilation and Installation of (Stable)

cd kde4-specs/ ; hg up ; cd specs/

more README

  • Read though and take note of anything important you may need to know since this was last updated.

/opt/dtbld/bin/env.sh

  • Note: This command will start a subshell. Be careful, because environment variables (notably PATH) set in your shell startup files will override those set up by this command.

make rebuild-CBEcmake rebuild-CBEyasm

  • This updates cmake from the CBE base because there are some Solaris/Studio 12 fixes there in the updated package.

make build-KDEconsolidation

This will now go off and build KDE4 and anything else needed as SysV packages. Come back in about 24h depending on your hardware.

What to expect after a Clean Build

                        FOSSnas |      PASSED |
                    FOSSncurses |      PASSED |
                    FOSSopencdk |      PASSED |
                   FOSSopenldap |      PASSED |
                       FOSSpcre |      PASSED |
                     FOSSphonon |      PASSED |
                FOSSqimageblitz |      PASSED |
                         FOSSqt |      PASSED |
                   FOSSreadline |      PASSED |
                    FOSSsoprano |      PASSED |
                     FOSSsqlite |      PASSED |
                     FOSSstdcxx |      PASSED |
                     FOSSstrigi |      PASSED |
                      FOSSxprop |      PASSED |
                   KDEbase-apps |      PASSED |
                KDEbase-runtime |      PASSED |
              KDEbase-workspace |      PASSED |
              KDEdt-integration |      PASSED |
                        KDElibs |      PASSED |
                         KDEpim |      PASSED |
                     KDEpimlibs |      PASSED |
                         KDEsdk |      PASSED |
                 FOSSlibiconvwo |      PASSED |
                  FOSSgettextwo |      PASSED |
               FOSScyrus-saslwo |      PASSED |
            FOSSmit-kerberos5wo |      PASSED |
                 FOSSopenldapwo |      PASSED |

Getting help

As usual, the IRC channel is a good place to start, but you must be able to pastebin compilation errors in order to get any help. The IRC channel is never too busy. #kde-solaris4 on irc.freenode.net . However, keep in mind that IRC is a live medium and it may not be the best place to ask questions. The mailing list kde-discuss at opensolaris.org is much more patient.

Also, you are expected to do your homework. Compiling KDE4 on Solaris is not for the faint of heart and you really need to know your way around compiling stuff and dealing with system software installation.


Binary Packages

No binary packages for KDE4 for Solaris 10 currently


This page was last edited on 18 March 2016, at 19:17. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.