Difference between revisions of "Plasma/Active/Installation"

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= Installing Plasma Active =
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= Plasma Active Images =
  
== Live Images==
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The Plasma Active team provides official Images based on Mer for some devices.
These can be used as testing base and to track progress.  
 
  
=== Balsam Professional ===
+
== Supported ==
[http://open-slx.de open-slx] creates regularly updated packages of Balsam Professional for Plasma Active. You can try the Live ISO from a USB stick. Download the Balsam Professional live image, which is based on openSUSE [http://download.open-slx.com/iso/11.4/ here] (use the highest version numbered iso file).
 
  
=== MeeGo Plasma Active ===
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=== WeTab / ExoPC ===
[http://basyskom.com basysKom] creates regularly updated packages of Plasma Active based on MeeGo.
 
  
This image is an adaption of the public '''meego-tablet-ia32-pinetrail''' variant and it is bootable on x86 based devices like '''WeTab''', '''ExoPC''' or the '''Idea Pad'''. Login Data: User meego passwd meego; User root passwd meego
+
The hardware is a little outdated but you will get the most polished Plasma Active experience on this device.  
  
You can try the installable Live ISO from a USB stick. Download the [http://share.basyskom.com/contour/Deployment/latest-meego-plasma-active-testing.html latest demo and testing live image] ([http://share.basyskom.com/contour/Deployment/latest-meego-plasma-active-testing-checksum.html sha1]).
+
* [https://share.basyskom.com/plasma-active/deployment/wetab-exopc/tablet/mer/stable/basyskom-plasma-active-four-wetab-exopc-tablet-mer-release.iso Download ISO]
 +
* [https://share.basyskom.com/plasma-active/deployment/wetab-exopc/tablet/mer/stable/basyskom-plasma-active-four-wetab-exopc-tablet-mer-release-iso.sha1 Checksum] (sha1: 51bd1ac2aea097d8e17503a92ce2781a6532491d)
 +
* [https://share.basyskom.com/plasma-active/deployment/wetab-exopc/tablet/mer/stable/ Download Archive]
  
==== Deploying a MeeGo Plasma Countour ISO Image to a Flashdrive ====
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Take a look at the installation instructions [http://community.kde.org/Plasma/Active/WeTab here].
  
After you have downloaded the ISO image its a good idea to validate the image against transmission errors.
+
== Preview ==
An SHA1 checksum file should be available for every image. You can do this by comparing the hash on equality between image and related checksum file via following command:
 
  
    [email protected]# '''sha1sum ''<image file>'''''
+
=== Nexus 7 ===
  
In case of an divergent output, please download the image one more time and check again.
+
Even though very much already works reasonably well, there are still some glitches. So, please don’t expect a 100% working system. For detailed installation instructions, see the article on the [https://wiki.merproject.org/wiki/Community_Workspace/Tegra3/Nexus7/PA_installation Mer Wiki]
After that feel free to deploy the image to an '''not mounted''' USB flashdrive. In the following example we use the
 
tool 'dd' for this:
 
  
    [email protected]# '''dd if=''<image file>'' of=/dev/''<USB flashdrive>'' bs=1M'''
+
=== Archos G9 ===
  
'''Please note, the usage of this tool is potential dangerous! In case of an mistaken output device, all data on it will be unrecoverable lost'''.
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Take a look at [http://ruedigergad.com/2013/02/24/plasma-active-archos-g9-armv7hl-rootfs-tarballs/ Ruedigers Blog] for more information.
  
'''To get the correct output device for the this tool, please follow the described steps below:'''
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=== Nokia N950 ===
  
;1. Remove all mobile flashdrives from your host system.
+
Take a look at [http://www.osnews.com/story/25307/Nokia_N950_Running_Plasma_Active_on_Mer this OSnews article] for more information.
;2. Call the command below and note the output.
 
    [email protected]# '''cat /proc/partitions'''
 
  
    major minor  #blocks  name
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=== VirtualBox ===
      8    0    3000000  sda
 
      8    1    2999998  sda1
 
  
;3. Plug the Flashdrive for deploying into the host system.
+
When running Plasma Active in a virtual machine, consider that performance will not be as good as when it runs naively on the devices it has been designed for. For testing, we strongly recommend running Plasma Active on a device. The following limitations need consideration when using a virtual machine instead of a real device:
;4. Call the following command and note the output again.
+
* Performance, especially graphics, boot and application startup might be reduced
    [email protected]# '''cat /proc/partitions'''
+
* Advanced visual effects might not be available or work correctly in the virtual machine. This can lead to degradation of certain features, performance, visual effects and possibly stability
 +
* User interfaces designed for touch-screens often work less efficiently for mouse and keyboard based input methods, or feel less natural.
  
    major minor  #blocks  name
 
      8    0    30000000 sda
 
      8    1    29999998 sda1
 
      8    16    3872256 '''sdb'''
 
      8    17    594944 sdb1
 
;5. In this example the correct dd parameter is '''sdb''' in the position of '''<USB flashdrive>'''.
 
  
==== Deploying a MeeGo Plasma Countour ISO Image to VirtualBox ====
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For detailed installation instructions, see this [http://community.kde.org/Plasma/Active/VirtualBox installation manual].
  
Before you can starte the image via '''VirtualBox''', please configure the virtual device
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= Downstream Plasma Active  =
like below.
 
  
VirtualBox OSE Manager
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Some distributions provide Images with Plasma Active for x86 Systems.
  Settings
 
  ├── General
 
  │  └── Basic
 
  │      ├── Name --> e.g. Plasma-contour
 
  │      ├── Operating System --> Linux
 
  │      └── Version --> Linux 2.6
 
  ├── System
 
  │  ├── Motherboard
 
  │  │  ├── Boot Order
 
  │  │  │  ├── CD/DVD-ROM
 
  │  │  │  └── Hard Disk
 
  │  │  └── Base Memory --> 1024MB
 
  │  └── Processor
 
  │      └── Enable PAE/NX
 
  ├── Display
 
  │  └── Video
 
  │      ├── Video Memory --> 128 MB
 
  │      └── Enable 3D Acceleration
 
  └── Storage
 
      ├── IDE Controller
 
      │  └── IDE Secondary Master
 
      │      └── Set up the virtual CD/DVD drive
 
      │          └── <ISO image>
 
      └── SATA Controller
 
          └── Hard Disk
 
              └── Set up the virtual hard disk
 
                  ├── Dynamically expanding storage
 
                  └── Virtual Size --> 8.00 GB
 
  
'''Please note, only live image since ''2011-07-20-10-50-meego-plasma-contour-in-progress-USB-live.iso''
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== Kubuntu Active ==
''' are runable via VirtualBox'''.
 
  
The scope of contour development is for usage on tablet devices.
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Current stable release of a Kubuntu remix with Plasma Active is available at
By this reason you have to activate the mouse cursor by your self.
 
The following steps explains how make a mouse cursor available
 
  
;1. The boot has finished
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http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/kubuntu-active/releases/13.04/release/
;2. Switch to plain teminal console (tty1) by pressing "right strg" + "f1"
 
;3. Login as user root (passwd meego)
 
;4. Change to system runlevel 3 (text mode) by
 
    [email protected]# '''init 3'''
 
;5. Switching back to tty1 by pressing "right strg" + "f1" again
 
;6. Edit file
 
    [email protected]# '''nano /etc/sysconfig/uxlaunch'''
 
Remove or comment (#) following line
 
    xopts=-nocurser
 
Save the file via "left strg" + "o" an close by "left strg" + "x"
 
;7. Change back to system runlevel 5 (graphic mode) by
 
    [email protected]# '''init 5'''
 
  
Please note, if you like to install our live image to an VirtualBox hard drive,
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Daily unstable images of a Kubuntu Active are at
you have to remove the live image form the virtual CD/DVD-ROM after installation.
 
This will be done after '''Power off the machine''' via VirtualBox OSE Manager.
 
  
  Settings
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http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/kubuntu-active/daily-live/
  └── System
 
      └── Motherboard
 
          └── Boot Order
 
              ├── CD/DVD-ROM --> disable
 
              └── Hard Disk
 
  
==== Booting the Live Image on a WeTab/ExoPC ====
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You can burn image to CD (e.g. with k3b) or USB (e.g. with usb-creator-kde)
  
1. Plug the flashdrive to the WeTab/ExoPC.
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https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BurningIsoHowto#Kubuntu
  
2. Get the WeTab/ExoPC running.
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It includes an installer '''ubiquity'''.
  
3. Press the power (top left underside) + softtouch (top left upperside) button till reboot.
+
== openSUSE ==
  
4. Choose inside the boot menu via softtouch button the installation or live mode
+
PlasmaActive has been packaged for opensuse in the KDE:Active OBS Repository.
''(short tab to switch entry, long tab to choose)''.
+
Mind that it is ALPHA Quality. The apps that come with a Mer-based image might not be available and there may be bugs. Feel free to report (and fix) them or improve the packaging process. Help will be welcome!
  
== Installation on openSUSE ==
+
It can be installed as follows:
  
In order to install the latest development snapshots on openSUSE 11.4, you have to add two repositories to your system. These update kdelibs and kde-runtime to a patched 4.7 which contains additions in QML bindings and improvements needed to run the development version for Plasma Active. If you would like to try it in a virtual machine, we recommend Virtualbox, which provides accelerated graphics capable of "desktop effects".
+
zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/KDE:/Active/openSUSE_Factory PA
  
Important: this procedure '''will upgrade your KDE installation''' to snapshots of 4.7, replacing any KDE packages you have installed.  Some versions of these packages, for example kdepim4 and kdepim4-runtime, are built for a mobile target and the desktop versions of their apps '''will not run properly'''. Running a newer version of KDE may update users' configuration files in a way that is '''not backward-compatible with previous versions''' of the applications, so it is advised to use a development installation or backup your KDE configuration.  If you don't know how to do this, '''stay with the Live image'''.
+
zypper ref && zypper install plasma-mobile declarative-plasmoids bodega-client
  
=== Installation Recipe ===
+
If the Maliit onscreen keyboard is wanted, additionally install maliit-framework maliit-plugins maliit-inputcontext-qt4
==== Preparation ====
 
As you are going to install packages from a different source, or so-called "vendor", you can make your life easier by telling zypper to automatically resolve packages across vendors. In /etc/zypp/zypp.conf, change the following line
 
  
solver.allowVendorChange = false
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Only i586 has been tested. To run PA4 the preferred method is to create a .xinitrc file in the home directory and add a line saying 'startactive'. Then a call to 'startx' will bring it up.
  
to
+
There currently is an issue with plasma-desktop beeing started automatically so the file '/usr/share/autostart/plasma-desktop.desktop' needs to be (re)moved before running PlasmaActive.
  
solver.allowVendorChange = true
+
There is also a LiveCD available at http://susestudio.com/a/GzMWEV/activesuse
  
==== Repository Setup ====
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= Get started after install =
Register KDE:Unstable:SC and KDE:Active repositories:
 
<nowiki>
 
zypper addrepo --refresh \
 
  http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/KDE:/Release:/47/openSUSE_11.4 kr47
 
zypper addrepo --refresh \
 
    http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/KDE:/Active/openSUSE_11.4/ plasma-active
 
</nowiki>
 
  
Increase KDE:Active packages' priority relative to KDE:Release:47, because the git snapshot versioning is otherwise lower than those in KDE:Release:47, and we want the KDE:Active versions that are built with Active-specific options:
+
[http://community.kde.org/Plasma/Active/Info Suggestions, FAQ, additional information]
<nowiki>
 
zypper modifyrepo --priority 90 plasma-active
 
</nowiki>
 
 
 
==== Package Installation ====
 
Update all packages to the latest versions, trust the keys for the repos.  NOTE: if you have other additional repositories than these registered in your system, YOU are responsible for making sure they are compatible.
 
<nowiki>
 
zypper dist-upgrade
 
</nowiki>
 
Finally, install the Plasma Active specific packages:
 
<nowiki>
 
zypper install plasma-contour-config </nowiki>
 
 
 
This will install and setup the Plasma Active shell, which is contained in the plasma-mobile package (plasma-mobile has different sets of QML user interfaces per UI profile). zypper will ask you to accept the key. It will also suggests vendor changes for some packages. Accept these options.
 
 
 
=== Running Plasma Active ===
 
If you have installed the plasma-tablet-config package, your system will automatically start into Plasma Active. Just make sure you have autologin enabled in Yast and restart your system.
 
 
 
From a full Plasma Desktop (or Netbook) user experience, you can also switch at runtime to Plasma Active as follows (as user logged into the the X11 session):
 
<nowiki>
 
# Quit your plasma session
 
kquitapp plasma-desktop
 
or
 
kquitapp plasma-netbook
 
 
 
# Start Plasma Active
 
plasma-device
 
 
 
# It is also possible to run Plasma Active in a window,
 
# this is useful for testing purposes:
 
plasma-device --nodesktop
 
</nowiki>
 
 
 
=== Installation of Plasma Active from sources ===
 
 
 
While the recommended way to test Plasma Active is with the above recipe using the binary packages, it is possible to build Plasma Active from the source repository, who wants to try the bleeding edge repository can build plasma-mobile from sources.
 
The recommended way is to follow the usual kde from sources [http://techbase.kde.org/Getting_Started build instructions]. It is also possible to use the binary kde packages as a base.
 
 
 
It is necessary to install some packages (and their dependencies) to have a working development environment:
 
<nowiki>
 
sudo zypper install gcc gcc-c++ git cmake, kdelibs-devel
 
</nowiki>
 
 
 
Now clone the plasma mobile source repository and build:
 
<nowiki>
 
git clone git://anongit.kde.org/plasma-mobile
 
 
 
cd plasma-mobile
 
 
 
mkdir build
 
 
 
cd build
 
 
 
cmake .. -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr
 
 
 
make
 
 
 
sudo make install
 
</nowiki>
 
 
 
=== Installing Additional Software ===
 
 
 
There are a few KDE projects that have created touch friendly versions of their applications already. These versions are included in the plasma-active repository. Currently, these are:
 
 
 
* Calligra Active - Install package calligra-active
 
* Kontact Touch - Install package kontact
 
 
 
In addition, some applications already work quite well together with active. The following is a list of applications that work ok on a touchscreen:
 
 
 
* Okular - For viewing documents.
 
* Marble - Virtual globe, includes routing support.
 
* Bangarang - Media player, uses Nepomuk for listing media.
 
* Dolphin - File manager.
 
 
 
Some of these applications, like Bangarang, are not included in either the KDE:Release or plasma-active repositories. Instead, they can be installed from the KDE:Extra repository by adding it to zypper with the following command:
 
 
 
 
 
#Add KDE:Extra repository
 
zypper addrepo --refresh  http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/KDE:/Extra/KDE_Release_47_openSUSE_11.4 kde-extra
 
#Install Bangarang
 
zypper install bangarang
 
 
 
== MeeGo ==
 
 
 
=== Installation ===
 
 
 
A repository of most of KDE components, including Plasma Active for MeeGo is at
 
https://build.pub.meego.com/project/show?project=Project%3AKDE%3ATrunk%3ATesting and is available for both i586 and ARM, which is added by running the following command if you are using MeeGo trunk
 
 
 
zypper ar http://repo.pub.meego.com/Project:/KDE:/Trunk:/Testing/Trunk/Project%3aKDE%3aTrunk%3aTesting.repo
 
 
 
or for MeeGo 1.2 users:
 
 
zypper ar http://repo.pub.meego.com/Project:/KDE:/Trunk:/Testing/MeeGo_1.2_oss/Project%3aKDE%3aTrunk%3aTesting.repo
 
 
 
To install the software run the following command:
 
 
 
zypper install plasma-active
 
 
 
=== UX Launch ===
 
 
 
uxlaunch is the MeeGo component that actually launches the shell. There are two ways of switching the default MeeGo Tablet UX shell to Plasma.
 
 
 
==== Changing UX permanently ====
 
 
 
Edit /etc/sysconfig/uxlaunch and change the session key to "/usr/bin/startkde".
 
 
 
==== Dynamic UX selection at boot ====
 
 
 
Finally, to switch to using the plasma tablet UX in MeeGo, use the uxselector project, following the instructions found here: http://wiki.meego.com/MeeGo_Desktop/Changing_Desktops#UXSelect_Switcher_Tool_.28alpha.29 - edit the /etc/xdg/aard/uxselect.conf file to include the following section:
 
 
 
<nowiki>
 
[plasma]
 
 
 
name=Plasma Active
 
 
 
description=The Plasma Active Tablet UX
 
 
 
path=/usr/bin/startkde
 
</nowiki>
 
 
 
and add the text plasma text to the uxlist property in the General section.
 
 
 
==== Known Issues ====
 
 
 
The Meego tablet UX installs a number of files in /etc/xdg/autostart that are also executed when running Plasma Active, resulting in elements of the Meego tablet UX showing up nevertheless. Workaround is to rename/remove that folder.
 
 
 
=== MeeGo system image===
 
For a complete ready to go image of Plasma Active see [[Plasma/Active/Installation#MeeGo_Plasma_Active#Live_Images|Live Images]].
 
 
 
== Other Systems ==
 
If you have installed Plasma Active on a system not yet listed here, please add detailed installation instructions in a new section.
 

Latest revision as of 19:53, 16 June 2015

Plasma Active Images

The Plasma Active team provides official Images based on Mer for some devices.

Supported

WeTab / ExoPC

The hardware is a little outdated but you will get the most polished Plasma Active experience on this device.

Take a look at the installation instructions here.

Preview

Nexus 7

Even though very much already works reasonably well, there are still some glitches. So, please don’t expect a 100% working system. For detailed installation instructions, see the article on the Mer Wiki

Archos G9

Take a look at Ruedigers Blog for more information.

Nokia N950

Take a look at this OSnews article for more information.

VirtualBox

When running Plasma Active in a virtual machine, consider that performance will not be as good as when it runs naively on the devices it has been designed for. For testing, we strongly recommend running Plasma Active on a device. The following limitations need consideration when using a virtual machine instead of a real device:

  • Performance, especially graphics, boot and application startup might be reduced
  • Advanced visual effects might not be available or work correctly in the virtual machine. This can lead to degradation of certain features, performance, visual effects and possibly stability
  • User interfaces designed for touch-screens often work less efficiently for mouse and keyboard based input methods, or feel less natural.


For detailed installation instructions, see this installation manual.

Downstream Plasma Active

Some distributions provide Images with Plasma Active for x86 Systems.

Kubuntu Active

Current stable release of a Kubuntu remix with Plasma Active is available at

http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/kubuntu-active/releases/13.04/release/

Daily unstable images of a Kubuntu Active are at

http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/kubuntu-active/daily-live/

You can burn image to CD (e.g. with k3b) or USB (e.g. with usb-creator-kde)

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BurningIsoHowto#Kubuntu

It includes an installer ubiquity.

openSUSE

PlasmaActive has been packaged for opensuse in the KDE:Active OBS Repository. Mind that it is ALPHA Quality. The apps that come with a Mer-based image might not be available and there may be bugs. Feel free to report (and fix) them or improve the packaging process. Help will be welcome!

It can be installed as follows:

zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/KDE:/Active/openSUSE_Factory PA

zypper ref && zypper install plasma-mobile declarative-plasmoids bodega-client

If the Maliit onscreen keyboard is wanted, additionally install maliit-framework maliit-plugins maliit-inputcontext-qt4

Only i586 has been tested. To run PA4 the preferred method is to create a .xinitrc file in the home directory and add a line saying 'startactive'. Then a call to 'startx' will bring it up.

There currently is an issue with plasma-desktop beeing started automatically so the file '/usr/share/autostart/plasma-desktop.desktop' needs to be (re)moved before running PlasmaActive.

There is also a LiveCD available at http://susestudio.com/a/GzMWEV/activesuse

Get started after install

Suggestions, FAQ, additional information


This page was last edited on 16 June 2015, at 19:53. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.