KDE, Gnome, and other Linux desktop environments, as well as applications in general require some fundamental open data to operate. The primary areas are:
- ISO Codes - Codes representing Language, Country, Script, Currency and other entities, and their names and translations, for example for use in locales, geolocation, file metadata, pick-lists, web APIs etc.
- Flags - Icons, images or vector files for the national and regional flags, for example for use in pick-lists, educational apps, etc.
- Holidays - Observance calculation rules and translations for holidays.
There are existing projects internal and external to KDE that try to address these requirements and often duplicate each other in doing so, but they either have known issues or are deprecated in KDE Frameworks 5 (see individual areas detailed below).
It is proposed to develop a set of KDE Open Data file formats and Qt libraries to support these requirements. Rather than collating and curating our own data sources, we will use Wikidata as the primary source for all the required data and simply repackaged it into a format suitable for offline usage in a Linux distribution or standalone application installer. Where Wikidata lacks some data fields we require we will add these ourselves, but will work with Wikidata to have them incorporated upstream.
There will be two separate parts to this project:
- The data files in json format and translation files available in multiple formats.
- The Qt/KDE C++ libraries that wrap the use the OpenData files in a convenient api.
This separation will allow distros to package the data separately and allow other desktop projects or applications not written using Qt/C++ to utilise the data without having to install the Qt libraries. It is hoped for these data files to become a shared common resource and so reduce duplication of effort and file space.
The initial products are proposed as:
- OpenCodes - A repository of json format files for each ISO Country, Language, and Currency code entity with important data fields extracted from Wikidata and their translations.
- OpenFlags - A repository of national and regional flags extracted from Wikidata / Wiki Commons that are installed as a freedesktop.org standard icon set and a collection of svg files.
- OpenHolidays - A repository of holiday data files, initially generated from the exisiting KHolidays files.
- QCodes - A Qt/C++ library for accessing the OpenCodes data.
- QHolidays - A Qt/C++ library for accessing the OpenHolidays data.
OpenFlags is kept separate from OpenCodes to reduce the size of dependencies for most use cases. The OpenFlags data will mostly be accessed directly by apps using the standard icon theme facilities or loading an SVG directly from disk, but QCodes may provide API to return a QImage or a QPath.
In the future KDE may wish to offer a generic KWikiData library to allow applications such as Marble or KGeography to dynamically access a wider set of data, but this is outside the scope of this project.
KDE libraries currently installs a set of flag icons about 21x14 pixels in size as part of its locale format files. These flags are often used in country picklists, or sometimes inappropriately in language picklists. With KF5 these flags are deprecated and will no longer be installed.
Some specialised applications like KGeography and Marble need larger country and state/provincial flags to display and ship their own separate sets of flags. This duplication of space and effort is rather wasteful and should be shared where possible.
The freedesktop.org Icon Naming standard defines the "International" group for "Icons for international denominations such as flags" which are named "flag-xx" where "xx" is the ISO 3166 country code. Unfortunately very few (if any) icon sets actually implement this as it is a lot of effort.
Wiki Commons provides a fairly comprehensive set of flags in SVG format, and Wikidata provides links to these as data fields for country entities. It is proposed to utilise this in the OpenFlags repository:
- Script to query Wikidata for flag links and download SVG files to repo
- Script to generate standard icon theme in different sizes from SVG files
- Distribute as three separate packages for icon theme, SVG base files, and PNG base files
The icon theme will be unthemed, i.e. plain reproductions of the base SVG files and will serve as a fall-back to be used where the default icon theme does not implement flags. Other icon themes will be able to utilise the SVG base files as templates to generate their own themed icons. Applications with the need for larger size flags can choose to use the SVG or PNG base file packages.
The iCalendar standard for storing and transmitting calendar events is insufficient to express the rules for calculating occurrences of many public or religious holidays, for example complex calculations like Easter, holidays using alternative calendar systems, or holidays that move if they fall on weekends. This means projects like Mozilla Sunbird have to update their holiday files every year with manually calculated dates, a maintenance nightmare. To address this KDE adapted the PLAN file format and created a library KHolidays to support these advanced calculation rules. This file format is however complex and fragile and implemented using old non-portable technologies. It is proposed to replace KHolidays with a new OpenHolidays file format using json that can be easily utilised by many different projects like KDE Kontact, Mozilla Sunbird and Gnome Evolution.