# Infrastructure/Phabricator

Phabricator is KDE's task management and patch review system. This page is intended to serve as a general-purpose introduction to the most important aspects: submitting and reviewing patches. It should not take long before you are happily using Phabricator.

Information
The KDE community does not use the Phabricator bug reporting function. We continue to use bugzilla at https://bugs.kde.org

## Getting help

The official documentation is in the Phabricator book and on their website -- note that since everything is under rapid development, most of the documentation is incomplete. A good way to find the information you're looking for is to search Phabricator upstream.

## Posting a Patch using the website

Once you have set up your development environment and created a patch, you can submit it using Phabricator!

Log in to Phabricator and click on Code Review in the list on the left. Then, click the +Create Diff button in the upper-right corner of the screen. Paste the text of the diff or upload the file using the file dialog. Reviewers are mostly added automatically, but if your patch includes any visual or user interface changes, please add #vdg as a reviewer to make sure the KDE Visual Design Group sees it! Please make sure to add a screenshot, too.

The Title of your patch will become the git commit message, so please follow commit message best practices when creating a title for the patch.

In the Summary section, write at least one sentence describing your change and why it is necessary, adding more details if necessary.

If your patch is intended to fix a Bugzilla ticket, include one of the following on its own line in the Summary section:

BUG: 385942


or

FEATURE: 384936


(Just the Bugzilla ticket number, not the full URL)

Use BUG: If the Bugzilla ticket describes a bug, and FEATURE: if the Bugzilla ticket describes a feature request. Either of these tags will cause that Bugzilla ticket to be automatically closed when the patch is committed.

If you added the BUG: or FEATURE: tag, also add another tag indicating what version receives the fix or new feature:

FIXED-IN: [version]


Replace [version] with an appropriate version string; see Guidelines and HOWTOs/Write a version string to find out how to write one. If you can't figure it out, don't worry about it and just omit the tag; a KDE developer will help you add it during code review.

Here is more information about other special messages that interact with Bugzilla tickets. You can also add special messages that interact with other Phabricator tools (e.g. Maniphest tasks).

Note

### Include some screenshots

For patches that change something about the user interface, it's customary to include a screenshot of how the interface looks with your patch. Bonus points for including a "Before" image too, so reviewers can easily compare them.

## What happens next?

After you've submitted your patch, KDE developers who work with the software in question will review it and provide feedback. This can often take a few days. However, if nobody has responded after a week, it's likely that the review was overlooked (sorry about that!) and it's appropriate to make a comment saying, "Ping!" or something to that effect.

Once the patch is accepted, KDE Developers will land it for you!

# Using Arcanist to post patches

After you've posted a few patches, using the web UI to post patches gets tiresome. Arcanist is a tool to simplify and speed up the process of posting, updating, and merging Phabricator patches. Setting it up is easy:

## Installing Arcanist

### Debian/Ubuntu/KDE Neon

sudo apt install arcanist


### Fedora

kanarip/phabricator is not an official Fedora repository, so errors may occur.

sudo dnf copr enable kanarip/phabricator
sudo dnf install arcanist


Alternatively, install arc manually from the github repository:

sudo dnf install php-{common,cli}
mkdir somewhere/
cd somewhere/
git clone https://github.com/phacility/libphutil.git
git clone https://github.com/phacility/arcanist.git
ln -s $(pwd)/arcanist/bin/arc ~/.local/bin/arc  ### openSUSE Tumbleweed: sudo zypper ar -f https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:tools:scm/openSUSE_Tumbleweed/devel:tools:scm.repo sudo zypper install arcanist  Leap 15: sudo zypper ar -f https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:tools:scm/openSUSE_Leap_15.0/devel:tools:scm.repo sudo zypper install arcanist  ### Arch / Manjaro trizen -S arcanist-git  ### Gentoo The default portage tree does not have an ebuild, so unless you already have it, you need to add an overlay, e.g. the kde one: sudo layman -a kde  Once that is done, you can emerge it: sudo emerge -av arcanist  You might have to install and possibly unmask a few php related packages, so follow the instructions portage gives you. Keep in mind that it is a vcs version (9999), which means it doesn't have release updates and you are in charge of keeping it up to date. ### Windows The most non-obvious step is that you will need to configure your PHP installation to use Curl. This requires editing the php.ini configuration file to add the line extension_dir = "ext" and add php_curl to the list of extensions. After adding php.exe to your PATH and installing arcanist/libphutil, you can run arc by defining a function in your Powershell profile: function arc { php -f "C:\path\to\arcanist.php" --$args }


After you have installed Arc, you can learn more using man arc or arc --help. Another command useful for getting a feel for Phabricator's style is arc anoid.

### Other operating systems

Follow the instructions from the Arcanist Quick Start guide.

## Perform one-time setup steps

Before you are able to use arc for work you will need to install a certificate that will allow it to login to Phabricator:

arc install-certificate https://phabricator.kde.org


Just follow the instructions it provides: you will have to visit the page it indicates and copy the API token you find on that page back to the shell.

Next, you will need to tell git who you really are, so your patches will include correct authorship information and can be attributed to yourself:

git config --global user.name "<Your real name>"


Both of these steps only need to be done once.

## Workflow

The sanest and easiest way to use arc is to follow a typical feature branch workflow: keep your master branch synchronized with the upstream repository, and make all changes on separate branches. Each patch needs its own private, temporary branch. Once your patch has been merged, delete the feature branch, and make another new branch for the next patch.

The following commands all need to be executed in your source directory. The hidden file/directory ".arcconfig" and ".git" tell arc what to do so you don't have to.

### Step 1: Create a new diff

Before editing anything, create a new branch for your patch:

\$ arc feature  <name-for-your-new-branch>
(For Git experts: this is equivalent to git checkout -t -b <name-for-your-new-branch>)


Now make changes on the feature branch. When you're ready to have your changes reviewed, enter the following command:

arc diff     # this will do the git add and git commit for you; if it asks about ignoring untracked files, enter 'y'


When you run arc diff, you will go through a series of dialogs. At the end, you will be asked to rewrite your Git commit message to fit the standard Differential format, like so:

<first line of original git commit message>

Summary: <rest of original commit message>

Test Plan:

Reviewers:

Subscribers:


<first line of original git commit message> will become the commit message, so please follow commit message best practices.

As when using the web UI, enter any special Bugzilla keywords (such as BUG: 385942) on their own lines in the "Summary" section.

As when using the web UI, there is no need to specifically add anyone under the "Reviewers" or "Subscribers" sections unless your patch includes any visual or user interface changes. In this case, please add #vdg as a reviewer to make sure the KDE Visual Design Group sees it!

After arc uploads the patch to Phabricator, the project's reviewers will take a look and give you some comments. If you get a thumbs up immediately, you can skip this step. But often you will get a review like "looks good, we can take it if you fix problems x, y, and z." Make the necessary changes, add an extra commit to the git branch, and update the Phabricator revision:

[implement changes based on review comments]
arc diff


### Step 3: Land your diff

If you do not have a KDE Developer Account, then someone who does will have to land your patch for you. Otherwise, you can do it yourself once the patch has been accepted and reviewers have given you permission to "ship it!"

First, make sure that the world is sane, and that only your patch will be landed:

[make sure you are on your feature branch]
arc land --preview


The output of that command should show only the commit message for your patch. If you see more than that, stop and ask your reviewers for help.

#### Landing on master

This is simple:

arc land


#### Landing on the "Stable branch"

By default, arc will land the patch onto whatever branch was the parent. For example, if you branched from master, arc will land on master; if you branched from Applications/18.12, arc will land on that branch instead, and so on.

If you branched your patch from master but it is a relatively low-risk bugfix, you will often be a asked to land it on the "stable branch" instead of master. The easiest way to do this is to cherry-pick the commit from your feature branch onto the appropriate stable branch and then merge forward.

Warning
If at any time you feel nervous or run into trouble, ask your reviewers for help. This can be tricky, and undoing bad merges is a pain in the neck.

Here is an example of how to do this with a patch branched from master that needs to go into the Applications/18.12 stable branch (replace Applications/18.12 with the appropriate stable branch name when you do this yourself, obviously).

[make sure you are on your feature branch]
git log -n 1 --pretty=format:"%H"
[copy that commit hash]
git checkout Applications/18.12
git pull
git cherry-pick [the commit hash]
git push
git branch -D [the name of your feature branch]


Note that after committing to the stable branch you are expected to merge that branch to master afterwards:

git checkout master
git merge -s recursive -Xours Applications/18.12
git push


#### Landing someone else's diff

If you have a contributor account and you are helping someone without one through the process, you will need to land their diff for them once it's been accepted. Here's how:

arc patch <revision ID>


At this point, you need to verify that the authorship information shown is correct. If it's not, you will need to ask the patch author for their real name and email address. Then you use that information to update the local commit for the patch like so:

# Make sure you're on the branch that corresponds to the patch!
git commit --amend --author="firstname lastname <email address>"


At this point, you can land the diff normally, as described above.

## Arcanist Tips & Tricks

### Look before you diff

You can check with arc which what Arcanist will do before performing the actual upload with arc diff if you are unsure what will happen. In particular, look for which commits will be included in your Diff.

### arc diff: specify a revision manually

Sometimes - if you messed up with your git branches - arc cannot properly determine which revision (D12345) should be updated. In this case you can use arc diff --update D12345. See arc help diff.

### Updating the summary of the Differential from the local Git commit message

If you changed the commit message locally and want to update the text in the summary in Differential, call Arc like this:

arc diff --edit --verbatim


### Updating the local Git commit message from changes done on Phabricator

If you or someone else updated the title, summary, test plan, reviewers or subscribers of a Diff using the web editor in Phabricator, Arcanist allows to sync those changes back to your local Git commit message:

arc amend


Note that in general Arcanist will do this automatically for you once you arc land.

Once in a while, a reviewer will tell you to do specific things. This section will help you figure out what is meant to be done.

### "Please do that in a separate commit"

Should your patch contain an unrelated change, your reviewer will ask you to undo that part and possibly open a new Diff for that. Here is what you can do:

If the change in question is in a separate commit on your local branch:

git revert <unrelated change>
arc diff # this updates the first Diff
git checkout -b <new branch name> master
git cherry-pick <unrelated change>
arc diff # this creates a new Diff for the unrelated change


If you mixed different changes into a single commit on your local branch:

git reset HEAD^
git add -p # type "?" for help, then pick all hunks you want to keep
git stash # the stash now contains the hunks for the second patch
git commit
arc diff # this updates the first Diff
git checkout -b <new branch name> master
git stash pop
git commit
arc diff # this creates a new Diff for the unrelated change


In case this does not work for you, there's always the plain old copy-and-paste. In general, it is best to avoid adding unrelated changes from the beginning. :-)

### Marking patches as dependent on other patches

Sometimes you will want to submit a patch that depends on another patch, creating a dependency chain.

#### If each patch is intended for a different project

Example: you submit a patch to add a new feature to KIO, and then submit another patch for Dolphin that uses that feature. Here's what you do:

1. Create your first patch as above
2. When creating the second patch, add the following to its own line in the "Summary" section:
Depends on DXXXX
(Replace "DXXXX" with the ID of the dependent patch, not the full URL)

#### If the patches are all for the same project

Example: you are implementing multiple new features for a single project that each depend on the patch for the prior feature. Here's what you do:

1. Create a branch to track the first feature:
git checkout -b <branch name for feature 1> --track origin/master


Then implement the feature and make a commit.

2. Then create a branch for your second feature, tracking the first branch:
git checkout -b <branch name for feature 2> --track <branch name for feature 1>


As above, implement the feature and make a commit. Continue this pattern for any other required dependent features.

3. When you're ready to turn your dependency chain feature branches into patches, do the following:
git checkout <branch name for feature 1>
arc diff [then go through the process of creating the patch normally]
git checkout <branch name for feature 2>
git commit --amend  [then add the special text "Depends on DXXXX", replacing DXXXX with the ID of the first patch
arc diff [then go through the process of creating the patch normally]


...And so on.

4. After you get comments, you will have to make changes to your patches and re-base dependent patches:
git checkout <branch name for feature 1>
[Make changes]
git commit
arc diff
git checkout <branch name for feature 2>
git rebase <branch name for feature 1>
git commit
arc diff


...And so on.

5. When you're ready to land any or all of your patches, do it in sequence, starting from the patch with no unmet dependencies:
git checkout <branch name for feature 1>
arc land
git checkout <branch name for feature 2>
git rebase origin/<target branch>
arc land


# How to review someone else's patch

Arcanist (arc) makes it easy to review someone's patch. But first you'll need a development environment set up. If you haven't done that yet, it's time to do so. See Get_Involved/development#Set_up_your_development_environment. Follow the instructions to compile and run the program.

## Apply the patch and compile the software

Find the patch's revision ID. For example, for https://phabricator.kde.org/D11184, the ID is D11184.

Now check out or enter the source repository for the software that's being patched. The repository is listed on the web UI: ...So this would be a patch for Konsole.

If you've never built it before, check it out and build it once first:

kdesrc-build konsole


Now go to its source directory:

cd ~/kde/src/konsole


...and apply the patch:

arc patch <revision ID>


Answer y to any questions that are posed. Arc will automatically create a branch named arcpatch-<revision ID> for the patch, so it won't damage your checkout at all.

Now it's time to compile and run the software to make sure that the patch does what it says it does and doesn't cause any regressions! Compile the patched source code:

kdesrc-build konsole --no-src --resume-from konsole


Those arguments will tell kdesrc-build to not update the source code after you applied the patch, and to not build any dependencies.

If it didn't compile, that's reason alone to reject the patch! Go to the web UI and report your findings, and apply a "Request Changes" status.

## Perform QA

If it did compile, then it's time to perform QA, because it's important to thoroughly test patches to ensure that bad code and regressions don't slip in. This is the entire purpose of having a review infrastructure; it is very important.

First make sure the unit tests all pass:

cd ~kde/build/kde/applications/konsole
ctest


If any tests fail, report this through a comment on the patch's web page (https://phabricator.kde.org/<revision ID>).

Next, execute the Test Plan that the submitter wrote. If the patch does not have a Test Plan, request one. Does it all still work for you? If not, return to the web UI and Request Changes, writing a detailed comment explaining what didn't work. It is permissible to do this even if you have not been specified as a reviewer! Anyone can reject a patch on the grounds that it does not work, does not do what it says it does, or causes regressions.

If the original Test Plan succeeds, try to break the patch. Here are some ideas:

1. Remove the program's configuration file (~/.config/<program name>rc ) and re-open it
2. Try the program with a HiDPI scale factor (or without one) or with a different default font size
3. If it's a new feature, feed it unexpected input
4. Test related functionality

Try to break it! A good patch will handle corner cases and variations in configuration. The price of configurability is vigilant testing! We owe it to our users to test using many configurations, not just the defaults or our personal settings.

## Perform code review

Note
Need a section on code review here, preferably written by a core KDE developer or another very experienced developer

## Engage with the author and other reviewers

After you have run the program and evaluated the patch, it's time to leave some review comments on the webpage (which again is at https://phabricator.kde.org/<revision ID>). If you have been specified as a reviewer, or are a member of a group that has been specified as a reviewer, it is permissible to Accept the patch. But keep in mind that reviewing involves responsibility: you are giving a thumbs-up to code that will be run potentially by millions of people. If you accept and land a patch that causes regressions, you will share some of the blame. It's important to take the reviewer role seriously.

# Customization

## Creating custom dashboard feeds

You can customize your Phabricator homepage by creating a new dashboard. However, the selection of what you can post on your dashboard is limited. The defaults will show all tasks from all projects.

To narrow this down, you need to define a custom query to serve as a filter. For example, if you work on Plasma Mobile and want to monitor the to-do list, perhaps you want to show only tasks that are in Plasma Mobile and are tagged as open. To do that, enter Maniphest, select "advanced search," select the appropriate terms, then click "save custom query." You can give your query a name. Once it is saved, the query will become available as a new filter for creating feeds on your dashboard. (In Differential you seem to need to perform the test search before the "save query" button becomes visible.)