< Infrastructure Revision as of 10:53, 2 June 2020 (view source)Skierpage (talk | contribs)m (→Pushing: give an example of a kde:repo shortcut, don't call it a URL)← Older edit Latest revision as of 12:06, 2 June 2020 (view source) Tosky (talk | contribs) (→Pushing: use https to pull in the git kde: alias) Line 26: Line 26: With KDE Git, it is recommended to use a shortcut to access repositories instead of directly cloning them from the Git server itself. This shortcut allows you to use a local mirror of the repositories, and should improve response times. To setup a <code>kde:</code> shortcut, you should add the following configuration block to <code>~/.config/git/config</code>. If your network blocks the Git protocol, then you can exchange that for HTTP instead. With KDE Git, it is recommended to use a shortcut to access repositories instead of directly cloning them from the Git server itself. This shortcut allows you to use a local mirror of the repositories, and should improve response times. To setup a <code>kde:</code> shortcut, you should add the following configuration block to <code>~/.config/git/config</code>. If your network blocks the Git protocol, then you can exchange that for HTTP instead. −<pre>[url "ssh://[email protected]/"]+<pre>[url "https://[email protected]/"] insteadOf = kde: insteadOf = kde: [url "ssh://[email protected]/"] [url "ssh://[email protected]/"] Latest revision as of 12:06, 2 June 2020 This is the hub page for all information about the use of Git by KDE. This section provides details on using the KDE Git infrastructure. This is intended for use by KDE developers to find out how KDE uses Git and how to set up Git for use with KDE. Contents 1 Git at KDE 1.1 Anonymous access 1.2 Pushing 1.3 Browsing 1.4 New repositories 1.5 Extra Karma 1.6 Hooks 1.7 Server Fingerprints 2 Resources 2.1 Official Documentation 2.2 Git for SVN Users 2.3 Git books 2.4 Tutorials 2.5 KDE's Git Infrastructure 2.6 KDE Git Recipes 2.7 KDE Git Tutorials 2.8 Cheat Sheets Git at KDE KDE currently offers code hosting using Git. Additionally, KDE also maintains a limited Subversion infrastructure for certain special projects, such as translations and older websites. Anonymous access Both Git and Subversion repositories can be accessed anonymously by anyone. This access takes place from anongit.kde.org and anonsvn.kde.org for Git and Subversion respectively, and grants read only access to the same repositories which are available to contributors with developer accounts. For Git, it is possible to perform clones and fetches over the HTTPS protocol only. KDE also maintains a mirror of its mainline Git repositories on GitHub. This mirror is read-only, and disables all of GitHub's additional features, such as issues, the wiki, and downloads, in favour of KDE's own hosted services. Additionally, pull requests on these repositories are not accepted, but code changes can always be accepted through KDE's code-review services. And still, GitHub may be used / searched more intuitively than alternatives, e.g. when a particular ECM version is needed, as it will. For Subversion, access is only provided over the Subversion protocol. If you are behind a restrictive firewall and need to access the KDE Subversion repository anonymously (and have no other means of network access), please file a ticket. Pushing Push or commit access to all KDE code repositories is open to any holder of a KDE developer account, subject to few limitations. This model allows contributors to easily make contributions to all parts of KDE without needing further approval. All commits made to either Git or Subversion are subject to commit hooks which will perform a few quality control checks and can take other actions on behalf of the developer. In the case of both Git and Subversion it is only possible to commit over SSH. With KDE Git, it is recommended to use a shortcut to access repositories instead of directly cloning them from the Git server itself. This shortcut allows you to use a local mirror of the repositories, and should improve response times. To setup a kde: shortcut, you should add the following configuration block to ~/.config/git/config. If your network blocks the Git protocol, then you can exchange that for HTTP instead. [url "https://[email protected]/"] insteadOf = kde: [url "ssh://[email protected]/"] pushInsteadOf = kde: Once setup as above, you can clone and push to repositories through the shortcut kde:repository, for example kde:office/skrooge.git. As Subversion requires that checkouts you are committing from are made from the same location you are committing to, checkouts should be made from the Subversion server directly. It can be accessed at svn+ssh://[email protected]/home/kde/. If you have existing checkouts, you will need to relocate them using the svn switch command before you are able to commit. Browsing To allow for quick review of code, web repository browsers exist for both Git and Subversion repositories. Those interested in browsing Subversion should visit WebSVN, which will contain the latest commits made to the KDE Subversion repository subject to a delay of 10 minutes at maximum. In the case of Git, repository browsing is available via cgit. Additionally, all mainline repositories are available on GitHub and can be browsed there. Please note that scratch and clone repositories are only browsable on cgit. If you need to link to materials which are stored in either Git or Subversion repositories on KDE infrastructure, it is requested that you do not embed the content directly, but simply link to it. Embedding content causes significantly higher load on the repository browser servers, making it unavailable for others wishing to use it. This is particularly relevant for blog posts on Planet or any other high traffic web page. New repositories To allow for free form development in a manner similar to Subversion did, KDE Git allows personal repositories to be created on demand as needed. Two types of personal repository are available: Scratch repositories are created on the fly when a developer pushes to them for the first time, and exist at scratch/username/myRepo. These are recommended for new development work. Clone repositories are created by cloning an existing project repository, and exist at clones/project/username/myClone. They are created by running ssh [email protected] clone project myClone where myClone is the name you wish to call your clone, and project is the name of the repository you are cloning. Personal repositories can be deleted at any time. From time to time it may be necessary to create new project repositories, to contain newly developed applications, migrate existing applications from Subversion or to bring new projects under the KDE umbrella. New repositories can be requested by filing a ticket, and will usually be created at the top level on git.kde.org. Extra Karma At times contributors may find it necessary to push or commit to certain repositories or paths which are protected. In this case the server will reject your request with a message such as insufficient karma or access denied. This protection is most often applied to repositories which run parts of the infrastructure such as websites or other crucial components. If you would like to request access to these protected areas, please file a ticket, mentioning which repositories or paths you are trying to change. A complete manual on how to use KDE's Git services, along with some best practices, is available on the KDE Community Wiki. Hooks Kde provides some git hooks to perform and automatize some actions on push. Server Fingerprints The SSH host server key fingerprints are as follows for both Git and Subversion access: RSA-2048 (MD5): f9:54:62:b2:90:f2:dc:08:df:f4:a3:fa:c5:2a:a0:c8 RSA-2048 (SHA256): eONstlOUy0LjhlkjK90e1/bm95fOqnz8qcUsijWuP0Q ECDSA-256 (MD5): 23:62:3e:0b:18:f2:5d:e9:66:8a:80:fb:82:53:84:b5 ECDSA-256 (SHA256): Bvp9zqBBiEf9QdpX09B0PL2CkDa1B64WtkKZyTq7XhM ED25519-256 (MD5): f3:17:e5:0b:79:16:2b:73:45:fa:5d:23:24:eb:33:40 ED25519-256 (SHA256): x8pnmJ/gZmuw68V+wJUlT3MreIzPACzKmd/Ybei9gBA Resources Links to useful external sites about Git Official Documentation Links to git official documentation Git for SVN Users The git-svn Crash Course Git books Pro Git - An easy to understand book on git (CC licensed). The git community book, also as a pdf Tutorials Git Magic - A good intro to git (in several languages!) The Git Parable - Essential reading if you want to truly understand git. Git Screencasts tryGit A 15 minute online interactive tutorial KDE's Git Infrastructure The KDE Git System Administrators Manual is a useful resource for more details on the technical implementation of the KDE Git infrastructure. For more information on how the KDE Git Repositories are organized, please see the Build from source page. Other: The new Commit Policy is being reviewed, applied to both SVN and Git. GitHub Mirror has been created and policy is in development (Sep 2015). KDE Git Recipes Short recipes for using Git with the KDE infrastructure. Please see the Git Recipes page. KDE Git Tutorials More in-depth instructions in using Git. A quick step-by-step guide for getting started Creating a patch Please help filling this section by checking the links at the bottom of the page and see which still have valid content write tutorials yourself Cheat Sheets Quick reference Illustrated git cheat sheet (broken image, get it from Media:Zrusin-git-cheat-sheet-medium.png) Retrieved from "https://community.kde.org/index.php?title=Infrastructure/Git&oldid=88380" Category: Needs Attention This page was last edited on 2 June 2020, at 12:06. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.