IUP ISI/MediaWiki-Silk/Architecture

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Architecture document

Introduction

API

The API is composed of some classes (UserGroup, Namespace, General, Page...) and a MediaWiki class to access data. Library architecture at the begining

The library is composed of a unique class: MediaWiki.

Choice architecture

Synchronous or asynchronous?

● Synchronous

  ○ Advantage
     ■ No signals in the public API
  ○ Disadvantage
     ■ Multi-threads when used in interface to avoid freeze
     ■ Latency troubles may increase waiting

● Asynchronous

  ○ Advantage
     ■ Don’t block the interface
  ○ Disadvantage
     ■ Wait the signal to access to the result


Develop a class or some classes?

● A class

  ○ Advantage
     ■ No memory managing
     ■ The request calls are normal : wiki->allpagesRequest()
  ○ Disadvantage
     ■ Readability

● Some classes

  ○ Advantage
     ■ Readability
  ○ Disadvantage
     ■ The memory management


Technical contacts requirements

First, the technical contacts want a asynchronous interface: ”Even if you use a QEventLoop,you'll often need different threads in the application, and those can be a bitch. You can have a look at the current MediaWiki class to how those signals / slots should look like.”

Secondly, to call a request, the code should look like:

  MediaWiki * mw = new MediaWiki(“mon_url”);
  mw->allpagesRequest();
  connect(mw, SIGNAL(allpagesResult(QList<MediaWiki::Page>)),
              SLOT(allpagesProcess(QList<MediaWiki::Page>));


MediaWiki UML

Uml.png

MediaWiki

The MediaWiki class allows developers to call asynchronous request to access the MediaWiki data. For this, developers call a request like allpagesRequest() who send the request with the QNetworkAccessManager. To process the result, developers connect the signal allpagesResult() with his own slot. Because the class MediaWiki needs to emit signals, MediaWiki inherit QObject.


Why don’t separate the code

To follow the first development of the MediaWiki class and with the agreement of the technical contacts, we don’t separate MediaWiki and its requests.


Who manage the memory?

There is one class, so the library can manage the memory.

Why QNetworkAccessManager?

It’s the Qt class for HTTP requests and it is asynchronous. By the way, we can use this class in a synchronous way using QEventLoop.


KDE library?

At this time, we don’t use KDE library because Qt provides the necessary.


Namespace

To avoid name conflicts with others libraries, we propose to define a namespace like silk::. mediawiki:: was a possibility but there will be a redundancy (mediawiki::MediaWiki).


Binary compatibility

For ensure the binary compatibility, we’ll use only a pointer to MediaWikiPrivate, which will contain attributes. In this case, modify the attributes doesn’t fail a class which uses MediaWiki.


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