Difference between revisions of "Get Involved/Bug Reporting"

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[[File:Mascot konqi-support-bughunt.png|thumbnail|right|Help [[Konqi]] catch some bugs!]]
#REDIRECT [[Get Involved/Issue Reporting]]
Have you found a problem with KDE Software, or a way that you think it could be improved? KDE would like to know about it! This page will give you an overview of the process of reporting a bug or making a feature request, teach you how to submit a good report, and walk you through the process of doing so using https://bugs.kde.org, KDE's Bugzilla issue tracker.
= Issue reporting involves responsibility =
Before you report a Bugzilla ticket, please make sure that you are:
* ...using relatively recent versions of KDE software (≤ 1 year old)
* ...willing to do whatever is necessary to get the bug to happen again (if reporting a bug)
* ...willing to correspond with KDE developers about the issue, potentially over an extended period of time
* ...prepared to gather and report a lot of additional information
* ...ready to potentially use a terminal program to execute command line debugging tools
If those points all apply to you, then we can move on! Let's see now make sure that the issue you're experiencing is something that can be reported.
= Step 1: Make sure it's a valid bug or feature request =
Real issues involve any of the following:
* Crashes
* Broken functionality
* Anything that causes data loss
* Design issues, such as faulty paddings/margins, misplaced content, lack of consistency with the rest of the desktop, incorrect icon/image rendering, or other user interface anomalies
* Translation problems, where certain words or expressions are inappropriate for a given context, or a part of a program that was not properly translated or is lacking translation
* Typographic errors (typos), unclear instructions or general communication, inappropriate grammar or style, or not conveying a program's functionality correctly
* Usability issues, such as inappropriate default window sizes, excessive or non-optimal amount of clicks to achieve a task, and others
* Accessibility issues, such as text or software itself that cannot be used with a text-to-speech interface or screen reader
* Request for missing features or ideas about how something that's already working could be further improved
If your issue is on this list, '''proceed onto step 2'''.
By contrast, here are some examples of issues that are almost never real issues:
* Vague and subjective matters of aesthetics or personal preference (e.g. "The program is ugly")
* Design choices too broad to be changed by a Bugzilla ticket (e.g. "The program should work more like this other program that I'm used to")
* Anything caused by user or vendor configuration choices (e.g. "The program disappeared after I did a system update")
* Support questions ("How do I change such-and-such behavior of the program?")
* Development assistance requests ("Can you help me compile the program?")
'''Do not file Bugzilla tickets for these kinds of issues'''. Instead, you might try bringing up the matter on the [https://forum.kde.org/ KDE forum] or another online discussion group of your choice.
Here are examples of issues that ''may'' be valid, but require some more investigation:
* "The program is really slow" (It could be a bug in the software, or it could be an issue with your computer or its configuration)
* "Some of the program's icons are inconsistent" (If you're using a 3rd-party icon theme, that could be causing the problem)
* "The program did something unexpected in response to an action that I took" (this could be a bug or a usability issue, or it could just be that the program's operation is unfamiliar to you)
* "The label for one of the program's user interface controls doesn't clearly indicate what it does" (It could be a badly-worded or badly-translated piece of text, or it could be a 3rd-party widget theme mangling the user interface)
If your issue is on this list, '''proceed to Step 2''', but be prepared for the issue to be caused by configuration or hardware issues, or simply be an example of unfamiliar behavior.
= Step 2: Make sure it hasn't already been fixed =
If you've found a real bug or want to report a valid feature request, you're well on your way! But wait... are you using the latest version of the program? If not, it may have already been fixed or implemented in a later release. For example, if you are experiencing an issue with Dolphin 16.04, but the current version of Dolphin is 18.04, then you're missing out on two years worth of bugfixes and new features! Many Linux distros--including popular ones like Linux Mint, Debian Stable, Kubuntu, and openSUSE Leap--will intentionally hold back newer versions in the name of stability.
You should first upgrade your packages. Here's how to do it for various distros.
{{Warning|Due to the nature of package dependencies, this will upgrade the entire KDE software stack. Do not proceed unless you are okay with this.}}
* Kubuntu: <pre>sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports && sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade</pre>
* Fedora: [insert openSUSE Leap instructions here; delete list item if it isn't possible]
* openSUSE Leap: [insert openSUSE Leap instructions here; delete list item if it isn't possible]
If you are unable to upgrade your packages, '''please don't file Bugzilla tickets against a version of KDE Software that's more than a year old'''. Many of these bug reports will be closed as already fixed, and this takes up our faithful bug triagers' valuable time!
If the problem is still present in a recent version of the software, '''proceed to step 3'''.
= Step 3: Make sure you can reproduce it (bugs only) =
So your issue is a real bug, and it's still present in a recent version of the software. But if it only happened once and you cannot get it to happen again no matter what you do, then there is almost no chance that it can be fixed. '''Please do not report bugs that you cannot reproduce'''.
If you can reproduce the bug, '''proceed to step 4'''.
= Step 4: Log into or set up a Bugzilla account =
Navigate to https://bugs.kde.org/. If you already have an account, click the "Log in" text and enter your username and password, then '''proceed to Step 5'''. Please note that https://bugs.kde.org does not use the accounts defined on identity.kde.org right now.
If this is your first time on the KDE Bugzilla, it's time to sign up for an account! Click on the "New Account" text at the top of the page. You will be prompted for your email address and can then proceed with the usual process of setting up an account. Log into your new account and '''proceed to step 5'''.
= Step 5: Make sure it hasn't already been filed =
First, let's make sure that this issue hasn't already been reported. Navigate to https://bugs.kde.org/query.cgi and search for a few keywords that describe your problem. For example, if the problem is that Dolphin crashes when you attempt to access a Samba share, you might search for "dolphin samba crash".
Look through the Bugzilla tickets that show up in the search results. If you find one that matches, great! '''Please do not intentionally file a duplicate'''.
If none of the Bugzilla tickets returned by the search seem to describe your issue, '''proceed to step 6'''.
= Step 6: File a high-quality Bugzilla ticket =
It's time to file a new Bugzilla ticket! Click on the "New" text in the top-left corner of the screen. You will be presented with a list of products. Take your best guess for what product the ticket should belong to, and don't worry if you get it wrong. This is what KDE's bug triagers are for! Over time you'll get a feel for which products correspond to which issues.
=== One issue per Bugzilla ticket ===
'''Only report a single issue per Bugzilla ticket.''' A Bugzilla ticket describing multiple issues is not actionable and is likely to be closed. Each Bugzilla ticket '''must''' describe only a single issue; file multiple Bugzilla ticket to report multiple issues. If the conversation in your Bugzilla ticket derails and starts to describe multiple issues, file other Bugzilla ticket to describe them, and try to redirect the conversation back to the original issue.
=== Crash reports must include backtraces ===
'''A Bugzilla ticket describing a crash or a hang must include a backtrace.''' If you use the DrKonqi crash reporting assistant to report the bug, this will happen automatically. If not, or if the issue is a hang rather than a crash, [[Guidelines and HOWTOs/Debugging/How to create useful crash reports|you must include a backtrace yourself]]. Do not submit a Bugzilla ticket about a crash or a hang if you are unable to include a backtrace, as it is not actionable and will be closed.
<br/> <br/>
In your Bugzilla ticket, include the following information:
=== Summary ===
Every Bugzilla ticket needs a good title, which goes in the "Summary" field. A good title succinctly describes the issue, can be read as a complete sentence, and avoids using charged language. Examples of good titles:
* "Discover 5.12 crashes when I navigate to an app page and search twice"
* "Gwenview's "Exit Full Screen" button becomes inaccessible when the sidebar is opened"
* "KIO Local copy performance with 50,000 small files in Dolphin is 4.5x slower than using `cp`"
And here are the kinds of titles that you should avoid:
* "App always crashes"
* "Old version worked much better; new version is terrible"
* "Cannot do anything"
* "bug"
=== Software versions ===
First, find out what versions of various pieces of KDE software you're running. Open the Info Center program (which is installed in all KDE Plasma environments) and write the following in the top of the Bugzilla ticket:
Distro and version (e.g Kubuntu 17.10)<br />
Qt version (e.g. Qt 5.9.1) <br />
KDE Plasma version (e.g. Plasma 5.12)<br />
KDE Frameworks version (e.g. Frameworks 5.42)<br />
If your issue involves a KDE app, we need to know the app version, too. You can find that in the Program itself, in the Help menu > About <program> window
=== Steps to Reproduce ===
Write a detailed ''Steps To Reproduce'' section in the Bugzilla ticket. Here is an example of a perfect Steps to Reproduce section:
'''Steps to Reproduce:'''<br />
1. Open Discover<br />
2. Click on Applications<br />
3. Click on the search box, type an application name (Eg. VLC) and press enter<br />
4. Click on the icon to enter the app description<br />
5. Click on the cross to delete the text written in the search box<br />
6. Click on the search box in order to write another word<br />
7. Write another app name (Eg. Chromium)<br />
8. Press ENTER to confirm the search<br />
9. It always crashes<br />
=== Screenshots and screen recordings ===
If the Bugzilla ticket involves anything visible in the program's user interface, it is '''highly''' recommended to include screenshots--or better yet, a screen recording. Bugzilla tickets that can show the issue visually have a much higher chance of being promptly resolved.
You can use Spectacle to take a screenshot. By default, it will open in response to the "Print Screen" button on your keyboard. To take a screen recording, we recommend the SimpleScreenRecorder app. Screen recordings must use the webm format and be under 4MB in size.
Use the "Add Attachment" button to attach your screenshot or screen recording. Don't post links to images hosted elsewhere, as they will eventually go stale and the images will become inaccessible.
=== Additional information ===
If there is any additional information or attachments that you feel would help KDE developers reproduce, investigate, or fix the issue, please mention it here!
= Next steps =
Thanks for the Bugzilla ticket! You just helped make KDE software a little bit better.
Monitor the email address that you use for your Bugzilla account. You will receive an email if a KDE bug triager or developer needs to contact you for any reason.
Nevertheless, since KDE is a mostly volunteer project, you may not receive an immediate response. This is normal and should not be taken to mean that your Bugzilla ticket is not valued! Rather, it is a reflection of KDE's limited bug triaging resources. If you would like to help alleviate this situation, [[Guidelines and HOWTOs/Bug triaging | becoming a KDE bug triager]] is one of the absolute best ways to contribute!
= Issue tracker etiquette =
Using an issue tracker may be an unfamiliar experience. Here are some tips to help your interpersonal interactions be as smooth as possible:
=== Remember your manners ===
Filing a Bugzilla ticket is akin to mildly criticizing someone's work--work that was likely done for free, on personal time, as a labor of love. Please respect the developers by being polite, and not using rudeness or insults; think to yourself, "what would my mother say if she read this?" In addition to being bad manners, it's counterproductive because you will provoke defensiveness and spark arguments, and developers will not feel like doing the work that you're requesting. Think about it: Would ''you'' do unpaid work for a stranger who you felt had insulted you?
=== Avoid arguments ===
Arguing almost always gets nowhere, and both parties simply become more entrenched in their existing opinions. If you feel resistance building, take a few hours or a day to cool down, and then try another approach later.
=== Have realistic expectations ===
Bugzilla ticket are not assigned to specific people; anyone can fix a bug, respond to the Bugzilla ticket reporter, engage in discussion, and so on. Sometimes KDE developers will have a Bugzilla ticket resolved in under 24 hours, which is amazing. However, most of the time there will be a lot of waiting involved, and possibly a lot of discussion too. This is normal. If a Bugzilla ticket is going unaddressed, this is probably a sign that KDE's development resources are stretched thin. It is not helpful or effective to poke the developers by posting things like "Me too!" or "I have this bug as well!" or "Why doesn't anyone want to fix these very important issues? Doesn't KDE care?????" We definitely care, but we don't always have the resources to fix everything quickly! You might consider trying to help [[Get Involved/development|fix it yourself]]!
=== Have a thick skin ===
Sometimes your Bugzilla ticket will get closed without the resolution you're hoping for. This feels disappointing, but it's not personal. The project is larger than any one of us.
=== Don't confirm your own issue ===
Do not set your own Bugzilla ticket to the CONFIRMED status. This status exists for KDE bug triagers and developers.
=== Submit patches using Phabricator, not the issue tracker ===
A Bugzilla ticket with a patch is an incredible blessing. But patches attached to Bugzilla ticket tend to get missed and become stale over time, which is a real shame. Instead of attaching your patch to the Bugzilla ticket, please submit it using [[Infrastructure/Phabricator|Phabricator]] instead, and paste a link to your Phabricator revision in the Bugzilla ticket.
=== Understand what the resolution statuses mean ===
Some of them can sound a little harsh, but again, don't take it personally. These words are just descriptions of the different statuses for the Bugzilla ticket itself:
* RESOLVED does not necessarily mean that the issue has been fixed for ''you'', just that the Bugzilla ticket itself is no longer actionable by the developers. For example, a Bugzilla ticket may be marked as RESOLVED UPSTREAM if it's traced to a Qt issue, even if the Qt issue has not yet been fixed, or the version of Qt that fixes the bug is not yet released or available in your distro. This is a normal outcome on issue trackers; if you want the issue to be fixed for yourself faster, comment in the upstream bug report, or ask your distro to backport the fix for you.
* RESOLVED INTENTIONAL does '''not''' mean "shut up and go away, we don't care!" What is much more likely is that the issue is not actually considered a real issue, or cannot be fixed without a reasonable amount of engineering effort.
* RESOLVED NOT A BUG does '''not''' mean, "you're an idiot who doesn't know how to use issue trackers!" Rather, it means that the Bugzilla ticket itself is describing something that isn't a bug or feature request, or is something that KDE developers can't fix.

Latest revision as of 00:18, 5 August 2019

This page was last edited on 5 August 2019, at 00:18. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.