Digikam/CodingSprint2014

KDE Framework Port

Branches Creation

All port code must be stored in dedicated "frameworks" git branch for each project. Branch must be created from master.

$>git checkout master
$>git pull --rebase
$>git checkout -b frameworks
$>git push origin frameworks:frameworks
$>git branch -a
* frameworks
  master
  remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master
  remotes/origin/frameworks
  remotes/origin/master


KF5 Repositories list is given below :

Kipi-plugins Refactoring

A lots of tools are not maintained since a while, other one have been never finalized. See the list of plugins which will be ported or not :

  • Tools which can be ported as well :
    • panorama
    • expoblending
    • gpssync
    • sendimages
    • timeadjust
    • metadataedit
    • videoslideshow
    • advancedslideshow
    • flashexport
    • kmlexport
    • acquireimages
    • calendar
    • dngconverter
    • printimages
    • imageviewer
  • Tools in pending stage :
    • dlnaexport <=== Needs HUpnp lib Qt5 port
    • htmlexport <=== Nobody maintain this code since a while, but tool still used.
    • photolayoutseditor <=== A complex but powerful tool. Will be complex to port.
    • removeredeyes <=== We can share red eyes removal core implementation in libkface in way to share with other KDE applications and replace digiKam Image Editor tool by this code. A new digiKam BQM tool must be created. A GSoC 2015 project can be planned about this topic.
  • Web export tools which must be factored (same settings widgets, common dialog, common high level interface to process import/export). Another GSoC 2015 project can be planned about this topic.
    • facebook
    • picasawebexport
    • rajceexport
    • shwup
    • debianscreenshots
    • dropbox
    • googledrive
    • imageshackexport
    • kioexportimport
    • piwigoexport
    • smug
    • flickrexport
    • yandexfotki
    • mediawiki <=== need to port libmediawiki from extragear/libs/.
    • vkontakte <=== require libkvkontakte from extragear/libs/.
  • Tools never finalized (can be moved to attic for the moment) :
    • imgurexport <=== require libqtkoauth from SF.net
    • photivointegration
    • jalbumexport
    • wallpaper
  • Tools obsolete (can be moved to attic for the moment) :
    • batchprocessimages <=== replaced by digiKam BQM
    • rawconverter <=== replaced by digiKam BQM
    • jpeglossless <=== replaced by new digiKam core tool
    • kopete <=== KF5 will use new API
    • ipodexport <=== work only with very old Apple devices.
    • galleryexport <=== Gallery web service is not maintained since a while. Gallery project is dead.

KF5/Qt5 Port Status

Libkexiv2

Component Cmake port pure Qt5 port pure KF5 port compile warnings Who Remarks
libkexiv2/src done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent
  • C++ auto_ptr warnings from Exiv2 API disabled.
  • Library depend of :
    • KF5::I18n (translations)
    • KF5::CoreAddons (KStringHandler used into KExiv2::Private)
    • KF5::TextWidgets (MsgTextEdit is based on KTextEdit)
libkexiv2/tests done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent Code do not depend of KF5

Libkdcraw

Component Cmake port pure Qt5 port pure KF5 port compile warnings Who Remarks
libkdcraw/src done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Veaceslav
  • C++ auto_ptr warnings from Libraw API disabled.
  • ThreadWeaver and Solid dependencies removed.
  • RActionThreadBase is ported to QThreadPool + QRunnable API instead ThreadWeaver.
  • KIntNumInput and KDoubleNumInput are deprecated and removed as dependencies. We use Krita Int and Double input widgets instead. See bug #284216 for details.
  • Library depend of:
    • KF5::I18n (translations).
    • KF5::ConfigCore (KConfigGroup used in widgets).
libkdcraw/tests done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Veaceslav
  • Code do not depend of KF5
  • Multithreaded RAW to PNG GUI test program now use DCrawSettingsWidget to tune Raw decoding settings, and is ported to RActionThreadBase to process conversions on all core CPU.

Libkipi

Component Cmake port pure Qt5 port pure KF5 port compile warnings Who Remarks
libkipi/src done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Mohamed
  • libkipi/version.h file renamed as libkipi_config.h to host only SO version ID shared with kipi plugins.
  • API changes a little bit : path() => url().
  • Library depend of :
    • KF5::I18n (translations)
    • KF5::Config (KConfigGroup and KSharedConfig)
    • KF5::XmlGui (plugins based on KXMLGuiCLient)
    • KF5::Service (plugins use KService)
libkipi/test done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Mohamed
  • moc header must be placed at end of plugin implementation. See all plugin_helloworld.cpp comments for details.
  • K_PLUGIN_EXPORT macro at start of plugin implementation can be dropped.
  • kbuildsycoca5 --noincremental must be run to found new plugin installed on the system if KF5 is not the current active desktop.

Libkface

Component Cmake port pure Qt5 port pure KF5 port compile warnings Who Remarks
libkface/src done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Teemu Library only depend of KF5::I18n
libkface/tests done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Teemu Code do not depend of KF5

Libkgeomap

Component Cmake port pure Qt5 port pure KF5 port compile warnings Who Remarks
libkgeomap/src done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Teemu, Alin
  • Library depend of:
    • KF5::I18n (translations).
    • KF5::Config (KConfigGroup used in widgets).
    • KF5::KHtml (HTMLWidget is based on KHTMLPart).
  • Needs Marble code from kde-frameworks-5 git branch to compile.
  • We need to detect the Marble version somehow, to avoid linking KF5 build against Qt4 version of Marble. We still use FindMarble cmake script from KDE4. Marble need to be ported as pure KF5 frameworks component.
  • KHTML based class HTMLWidget must be ported to Qt5::Webkit.
libkgeomap/tests done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Teemu
libkgeomap/calibrator done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Teemu
libkgeomap/demo done done done yes no Gilles, Laurent, Teemu
  • Needs libkexiv2 from KF5 to compile (optional).

Kipi-plugins

Component Cmake port pure Qt5 port pure KF5 port compile warnings Who Remarks
Kipi-plugins/common done uncomplete uncomplete yes yes Gilles, Laurent
  • New MacroLocalLibs.cmake wrapper added to handle local or system wide shared libraries.
  • Plugins must be linked at least with:
    • KF5::Parts
    • KF5::KDELibs4Support
    • ${KF5Kipi_LIBRARIES}
    • ${KF5KExiv2_LIBRARIES}
    • ${KF5KDcraw_LIBRARIES}
    • KF5kipiplugins
  • Use kipiplugins_debug.h header in plugins to handle debug space.
  • ${KF5*_LIBRARIES} are populated by MacroLocalLibs.cmake
  • Add a new common class to process images resizement based SendImage::ImageResize
Kipi-plugins/tests done uncomplete uncomplete yes no Gilles, Laurent
Kipi-plugins Documentation done not applicable not applicable yes no Gilles
Kipi-plugins/timeadjust done uncomplete uncomplete yes no Gilles, Laurent
Kipi-plugins/sendimages done uncomplete uncomplete yes no Gilles, Laurent
Kipi-plugins/kmlexport done uncomplete uncomplete yes no Gilles, Laurent
Kipi-plugins/printimages done uncomplete uncomplete yes no Gilles, Laurent Postscript support have been removed from QPrinter. Option is now removed from assistant.
Kipi-plugins/flashexport done uncomplete uncomplete yes no Gilles, Laurent

digiKam Software Compilation

Component Cmake port pure Qt5 port pure KF5 port compile warnings Who Remarks
digiKam Software Compilation done not applicable not applicable not applicable not applicable Gilles
  • 2 new Cmake options have been add to enable/disable digiKam core and Kipi-plugins compilation (digiKam still disabled by default for the moment).
  • List of checkout repositories managed by "download-repos" scripts is reduced to current sub projects already ready to support KF5. "frameworks" branches are automatically switched. See ".gitslaves" for details.
  • New MacroLocalLibs.cmake must be used in Kipi-plugins and digiKam Core to wrap local or system libraries (libkipi, likdcraw, libkexiv2, etc) when compilation is done under SC or not.
digiKam Documentation done not applicable not applicable yes no Gilles

digiKam Core

Component Cmake port pure Qt5 port pure KF5 port compile warnings Who Remarks
digiKam/data done not applicable not applicable yes no Gilles, Laurent
digiKam/libs done under progress under progress yes yes Gilles, Laurent, Teemu, Alin
  • ProxyLineEdit is based on KLineEdit and must be ported to QLineEdit, but it use KLineEdit::clearButtonUsedSize() which do not exist with QLineEdit.
  • SearchTextBar is based on KLineEdit and must be ported to QLineEdit, but it use completion model class ModelCompletion based on KCompletion Which must be ported to QCompleter.
  • ICCSettings : Q_WS__X11 have been removed with Qt5. X11 detection is performed by CMake and rules are set as definition into digikam_config.h
digiKam/app done under progress under progress yes yes Gilles, Laurent, Teemu, Alin
  • AddTagsLineEdit is based on KLineEdit and must be ported to QLineEdit, but it use completion model class ModelCompletion based on KCompletion Which must be ported to QCompleter.
  • WelcomePageView ported from KHTMLPart to QWebView. KParts and KHtml dependencies removed from digiKam.
  • MediaPlayerView ported from Phonon to QMediaPlayer. Phonon dependancy removed from digiKam.
digiKam/utilities done under progress under progress yes yes Gilles, Laurent, Teemu, Alin
digiKam/imageplugins done under progress under progress yes yes Gilles, Laurent, Teemu
digiKam/kioslave done under progress under progress yes yes Gilles, Laurent, Teemu
digiKam/showfoto done under progress under progress yes yes Gilles, Laurent, Teemu
digiKam/databaseserver done under progress under progress yes yes Gilles, Laurent, Teemu
digiKam/tests done under progress under progress no Gilles, Laurent, Teemu

Recommendations

Porting to KF5 is divided in 4 stages:

1/ Change CMake files. Some Laurent scripts do this stuff. We use now ECM scripts collection from KDE core to manage dependencies and report on the console. Some macros disappear, and are replaced by new ones. For this job, it's recommended to look well all done in CMake files from libkexiv2 and libkdcraw already ported and polished.

2/ Port C++ code using KDE4Support. This include older classes from Qt4 and KDE4 to make transition faster. This will help to have quickly a code compilable, but this will generate a lots of deprecated warnings. First regression tests must be done at this stage to see if nothing is broken.

3/ Port C++ code to pure KF5. The goal of KF5 is to reduce KDELibs fingerprint everywhere, when it's possible. Qt API will be used in priority against KF5 API. But sometime, this will be not possible as well, without big changes. A lot of KDE API have migrated to Qt5 (as for ex : KUrl -> QUrl and kDebug ->qDebug). It's sound like KDELibs will become an incubator for new implementations which will move later to Qt. Also, to have the most of code using pure Qt5 will simplify future transitions more easy to do. Removing KDE4Support dependency will force to use non-deprecated KF5 API.

4/ Port C++ code to pure Qt5. Porting most of KF5 Api to use Qt5 instead is prefered, when it's possible. Another important change in Qt5 is the non-support of char pointer with QString.

In first stage we must use remove_definitions(-DQT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII -DQT_NO_CAST_TO_ASCII) in CMake script to compile code. These definitions force to not use deprecated QString methods.

Another definition to add while Qt5 porting is add_definitions(-DQT_NO_URL_CAST_FROM_STRING) about cast between QString and QUrl.

Common changes to port code

Original Code Ported Code Remarks
...section of code not yet ported...
#pragma message("PORT QT5")
/*
...section of code not yet ported...
*/
Not yet ported code sections must be commented with compiler warnings printed on the console
KDE4_BUILD_TESTS=ON BUILD_TESTING=ON CMake flag to build tests sub-dir.
CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=debugfull CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=debug CMake flag to build code with debug symbols.
kDebug() / kWarning() / kError() qCDebug(FOO_LOG) / qCWarning(FOO_LOG) / qCCritical(FOO_LOG)
  • New "foo_debug.h" and "foo_debug.cpp" files must be created to declare debug space.
  • "foo_debug.h" is not shared. For shared a library, this header must be placed as private in implementation files, not header files.
#include "foo.moc"
#include "foo.h"
  • To prevent compilation errors with Qt5. Qt will generate moc_foo.h files instead. Header file of a class declaration must be placed on top of included header files list from implementation file.
  • Special case : KF5 plugin factory needs moc header file included at end of plugin implementation to prevent broken linking.
KUrl::directory()
QUrl::adjusted(QUrl::RemoveFilename).path()
KUrl::setFileName(newFileName)
QUrl::setPath(QUrl::path() + newFileName)
KUrl url;
url.adjustPath(KUrl::AddTrailingSlash);
QUrl url;
url.setPath(url.path() + '/');
KDialog::spacingHint()
QApplication::style()->pixelMetric(QStyle::PM_DefaultLayoutSpacing)
KDialog::marginHint()
QApplication::style()->pixelMetric(QStyle::PM_DefaultChildMargin)
KComponentData::mainComponent().componentName()
QApplication::applicationName()
KComponentData::mainComponent().aboutData()->homepage()
KAboutData::applicationData().homepage()
KIconLoader::SmallIcon("icon_name", size)

or

KIconLoader::global()->loadIcon("icon_name", size)
QIcon::fromTheme("icon_name").pixmap(size)
  • Adjust size value :
    • Small = 16 (default from KIconLoader::SmallIcon()),
    • SmallMedium = 22,
    • Medium = 32,
    • Large = 48,
    • Huge = 64,
    • Enormous = 128
  • Icon must be installed with desktop theme icons.
KStandardDirs::installPath("data") + QString("filename")
QStandardPaths::locate(QStandardPaths::GenericDataLocation,
QString("filename"))
File to open in read-only. File already exist.
KStandardDirs::installPath("xdgdata-apps") + QString("filename")
QStandardPaths::locate(QStandardPaths::ApplicationsLocation,
QString("filename"))
File to open in read-only. File already exist.
KStandardDirs::locateLocal("data", QString("filename"))
QStandardPaths::writableLocation(QStandardPaths::GenericDataLocation)
+ '/' + QString("filename")
File to open in read-only. File already exist.
QString dir = KStandardDirs::locateLocal("data",
                       QString("dirname"), true)
QString dir =
QStandardPaths::writableLocation(QStandardPaths::GenericDataLocation)
+ '/' + QString("dirname");
QDir().mkpath(dir);
Dir to open in read-write. Create dir if it do not exist.
KUrlLabel
KDcrawIface::RActiveLabel
  • Slot used to process url can be dropped.
KSeparator
KDcrawIface::RLineWidget
KXmlGuiWindow::restoreWindowSize(group);

KDialog::restoreDialogSize(group);

and

KXmlGuiWindow::saveWindowSize(group);

KDialog::saveDialogSize(group);
KWindowConfig::restoreWindowSize(windowHandle(), group);

and

KWindowConfig::saveWindowSize(windowHandle(), group);
KVBox* const vbox = new KVBox(this);
KDcrawIface::RVBox* const vbox = new KDcrawIface::RVBox(this);
KHBox* const hbox = new KHBox(this);
KDcrawIface::RHBox* const hbox = new KDcrawIface::RHBox(this);
KIO::NetAccess::del(url, QApplication::activeWindow());

KIO::NetAccess::mkdir(url, QApplication::activeWindow());

KIO::NetAccess::dircopy(srcUrl, dstUrl, QApplication::activeWindow())
auto deleteJob = KIO::file_delete(url);
KJobWidgets::setWindow(deleteJob, QApplication::activeWindow());
deleteJob->exec();

auto mkdirJob = KIO::mkdir(url);
KJobWidgets::setWindow(mkdirJob, QApplication::activeWindow());
mkdirJob->exec();

auto dircopyJob = KIO::copy(srcUrl, dstUrl);
KJobWidgets::setWindow(dircopyJob, QApplication::activeWindow());
dircopyJob->exec();
KD::rename(src, dst)
QFile::rename(src, dst)
KToolInvocation::invokeBrowser(url)
QDesktopServices::openUrl(url)
KGlobalSettings::singleClick()
qApp->style()->styleHint(QStyle::SH_ItemView_ActivateItemOnSingleClick)
KUrl::directory(KUrl::ObeyTrailingSlash)
QUrl url = adjusted(QUrl::RemoveFilename);
url.adjusted(QUrl::StripTrailingSlash).path()
KImageIO::typeForMime(str)
QMimeDatabase().mimeTypeForName(str)
KTemporaryFile temp;
temp.setPrefix(prefixStr);
temp.setSuffix(suffixStr);
QTemporaryFile temp;
temp.setFileTemplate(prefixStr + QLatin1String("XXXXXX") + suffixStr);
K_GLOBAL_STATIC
Q_GLOBAL_STATIC
KMenu::addTitle()
QMenu::addSection()
KStandardDirs::locate("data", "file")
QStandardPaths::locate(QStandardPaths::GenericDataLocation, "file")
KStandardDirs::locateLocal("data", "file")
QStandardPaths::writableLocation(QStandardPaths::GenericDataLocation)
+ QChar('/') + QString("file")
KStandardDirs::locateLocal("appdata", "file")
QStandardPaths::writableLocation(QStandardPaths::DataLocation)
+ QChar('/') + QString("file")
KStandardDirs::locateLocal("cache", "file")
QStandardPaths::writableLocation(QStandardPaths::GenericCacheLocation)
+ QChar('/') + QString("file")
KStandardDirs::locateLocal("tmp", "file")
QDir::tempPath() + QChar('/') + QString("file")
KStandardDirs::makeDir(path, permission);
if (!QDir(path).exists())
{
    if (QDir().mkpath(path))
    {
         QFile f(path);
         f.setPermissions(permission);
    }
}

permission = QFile::ReadUser | QFile::WriteUser | QFile::ExeUser = 0700

KUrlRequester
KDcrawIface::RFileSelector

To select local only file or path, no need KUrlRequester.

KActionMenu
QMenu

Use QMenu::menuAction() to get Action instance of menu to plug in action collection.

KToggleAction
QAction

Use QAction::setCheckable(true) to switch Action as toggle state.

Link to documentation to port code

Scripts to port code

Laurent Montel has written scripts to port CMake and C++ code to KF5/Qt5 and remove kdelibs4support dependency. There are available in this repository (see kf5 sub-dir).

Scripts must be applied in this order, with a test compilation between each one :

  • Full safe scripts :
    • convert-to-k4aboutdata.pl (first one to apply, this help to compile)
    • adapt_cmakelists_file.pl (to convert CMake scripts, but code must don't be capititalized)
    • remove-kde4support.pl
    • convert-kicon.pl
    • convert-kmenu.pl
    • convert-kshortcut.pl
    • convert-kcolordialog.pl
    • convert-klistwidget.pl
    • convert-kmd5.pl
    • convert-kmenubar.pl
    • convert-ksplashscreen.pl
    • convert-kdebug.pl
  • Less safe scripts :
    • convert-kintnuminput.pl
    • convert-kintspinbox.pl
    • convert-ktextbrowser.pl
    • convert-kfontcombobox.pl
  • Scripts which need to check in-deep all changes :
    • convert-kvbox.pl
    • convert-kdialog.pl
    • convert-kcmdlineargs.pl
    • convert-kdebug-with-argument.sh (this one change kDebug(1556) en qCDebug with some info after to convert)
    • convert-kmimetype.pl
  • Last scripts to apply :
    • clean-forward-declaration.sh (remove forward declaration, to do when all compile fine)
    • clean-includes.sh (try to remove not used includes, not safe to 100%)
    • port_to_autogenerate_export_header.sh (convert to new signal/slot API, not safe to 100%)

digiKam Coding Sprint 2014

The event

It has been almost three years since the last time the digiKam team had the opportunity to meet, talk, spend time together and code. Gilles Caulier, lead coordinator, was victim of a serious car crash two years ago and thus unable to organize or attend such an event. Now, finally our opportunity to meet again. After a lot of effort to find a place and a date where and when all developers could work together under optimal conditions, the digiKam coding sprint 2014 finally took place at Berlin, Germany, from November 14h to 16th 2014.

Before detailing these days, we would like to sincerely thank Digia, the company in charge of Qt development, which agreed to host the event, and in particular Tobias Hunger, who welcomed us at Digia's offices located in the South of Berlin.

People joining the game are (from the left to right) :

  • Gilles Caulier from France.
  • Teemu Rytilahti from Germany
  • Shourya Singh Gupta from India
  • Marcel Wiesweg from Germany
  • Veaceslav Munteanu from Republic of Moldova
  • Dmitri Popov (taking the Photo)


15772576686_e5ea277655_c.jpg

Tasks Details

The next major task is to port digiKam to Qt5. Approx. 10% is already ported by Gilles. Objectives for this coding sprint:

  • Specify timeline for porting digiKam
  • Identify priorities (what should be ported first)
  • Delegate porting tasks to developers (who does what)

A long discussion evolved around these topics. Gilles explained the experience he already gained with this sort of work, which tools are available to facilitate the porting, and where manual work is required. The libraries which are part of the digikam project were prioritized for the port, and tasks assigned.
There were also discussions about the KIPI framework and its plugins. After many years of development, some plugins are essentially unmaintained and no longer needed as there functionality was superseded or moved, so they will not be ported. We also talked about APIs to provide better integration between KIPI and digikam for a task-based framework such as digikam's batch queue manager. The KF5 port seems like the right point in time to integrate binary incompatible, architectural changes. Shourya Singh Gupta consequentially worked on implementing the KIPI tools functionality in the Batch Queue Manager (Tools Settings).

Marcel worked on memory consumption in database and several reported memory leaks. As soon as he could reproduce the problems under valgrind, many cleanups were committed. See also https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=205776.
He also worked to complete the Removable Collection support. The goal is to show thumbnails from disconnected media, without actually having access to the full file. Users can continue to search and preview collections through the database, and thumbnails are shown. A feedback to the user is provided to indicate that items and collection are not available for editing. See bugs https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=191494 and https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=114539. This feature was completed during the train ride back from berlin, and committed Sunday evening.

MySQL support is now disabled by default because it's not fully functional and still experimental. MySQL support is still fully available of course, but as an optional feature.

Gilles polished the whole libkgeomap public API to be ready for the KF5 port. A lot of changes have been applied to reduce binary compatibility issues. This is especially needed if a library is to be moved somewhere into KDE core to be more easily reused by other projects. Such a move has recently been performed with libkface to be available for KPhotoAlbum.

15916071079_05bb30163a_c.jpg 15509459184_5b1a8a9a26_c.jpg

Event photos have been published to this Flickr repository.

Veaceslav worked on porting libkdcraw from old KDE4 Threadweaver api, to new KF5 Threadweaver implementation. Unfortunately, the new api was not quite stable and Gilles decided to port it one more time, to Qt thread pool implementation.

After long days of coding, the tired developers went out in search for food in the quarter around the hotel at Rosenthaler Straße. Sushi on Friday and Vietnamese food on Saturday managed to support the developers for another day of coding.


This page was last edited on 18 March 2016, at 17:45. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.